: While patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are at increased risk to develop clinically meaningful cardiovascular diseases (CVD), there are no approved drug designed to target the liver and CVD component of NAFLD. GPBAR1, also known as TGR5, is a G protein coupled receptor for secondary bile acids. In this study we have investigated the effect of GPBAR1 activation by BAR501, a selective GPBAR1 agonist, in Apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE-/-) mice fed a high fat diet and fructose (Western diet), a validated model of NAFLD-associated atherosclerosis. Using aortic samples from patients who underwent surgery for abdominal aneurism, and ex vivo experiments with endothelial cells and human macrophages, we were able to co-localize the expression of GPBAR1 in CD14+ and PECAM1+ cells. Similar findings were observed in the aortic plaques from ApoE-/- mice. Treating ApoE-/- mice with BAR501, 30 mg/kg for 14 weeks, attenuated the body weight gain while ameliorated the insulin sensitivity by increasing the plasma concentrations of GLP-1 and FGF15. Activation of GPBAR1 reduced the aorta thickness and severity of atherosclerotic lesions and decreased the amount of plaques macrophages. Treating ApoE-/- mice reshaped the aortic transcriptome promoting the expression of anti-inflammatory genes, including IL-10, as also confirmed by tSNE analysis of spleen-derived macrophages. Feeding ApoE-/- mice with BAR501 redirected the bile acid synthesis and the composition of the intestinal microbiota. In conclusion, GPBAR1 agonism attenuates systemic inflammation and improve metabolic profile in a genetic/dietetic model of atherosclerosis. BAR501 might be of utility in the treatment for NAFLD-related CVD.

Activation of GPBAR1 attenuates vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis in a mouse model of NAFLD-related cardiovascular disease

Chiara Monti, Maria;Morretta, Elva;
2023-01-01

Abstract

: While patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are at increased risk to develop clinically meaningful cardiovascular diseases (CVD), there are no approved drug designed to target the liver and CVD component of NAFLD. GPBAR1, also known as TGR5, is a G protein coupled receptor for secondary bile acids. In this study we have investigated the effect of GPBAR1 activation by BAR501, a selective GPBAR1 agonist, in Apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE-/-) mice fed a high fat diet and fructose (Western diet), a validated model of NAFLD-associated atherosclerosis. Using aortic samples from patients who underwent surgery for abdominal aneurism, and ex vivo experiments with endothelial cells and human macrophages, we were able to co-localize the expression of GPBAR1 in CD14+ and PECAM1+ cells. Similar findings were observed in the aortic plaques from ApoE-/- mice. Treating ApoE-/- mice with BAR501, 30 mg/kg for 14 weeks, attenuated the body weight gain while ameliorated the insulin sensitivity by increasing the plasma concentrations of GLP-1 and FGF15. Activation of GPBAR1 reduced the aorta thickness and severity of atherosclerotic lesions and decreased the amount of plaques macrophages. Treating ApoE-/- mice reshaped the aortic transcriptome promoting the expression of anti-inflammatory genes, including IL-10, as also confirmed by tSNE analysis of spleen-derived macrophages. Feeding ApoE-/- mice with BAR501 redirected the bile acid synthesis and the composition of the intestinal microbiota. In conclusion, GPBAR1 agonism attenuates systemic inflammation and improve metabolic profile in a genetic/dietetic model of atherosclerosis. BAR501 might be of utility in the treatment for NAFLD-related CVD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4851371
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