Several studies have associated platelets (PLTs) to NSCLC prognosis. To understand the role of PLTs in immunotherapy-treated patients, we used blood samples of NSCLC patients at different TNM stage. We found that PLTs count and the expression of PD-L1 (pPD-L1) were significantly higher in NSCLC patients at Stage IV than Stage I-III and healthy subjects. The presence of high pPD-L1 was associated to upregulated genes for the extracellular matrix organization and tumor immunosuppression. When patients' survival was correlated to the levels of pPD-L1, longer survival rate was observed, but not when progression disease occurred. The in vitro stimulation of pPD-L1 with Atezolizumab induced CXCL4 release, accompanied by higher levels of TGF beta at the time of drug resistance when the levels of CD16, CD32 and CD64 significantly increased. Leiden-clustering method defined the phenotype of PLTs which showed that the ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) family proteins, underlying the PD-L1 signalosome, were involved in high pPD-L1 and higher survival rate. These data imply that Stage IV NSCLC patients characterized by high pPD-L1 are associated with longer progression-free survival rate because the blockade of pPD-L1 by Atezolizumab avoids the exacerbation of a T cell-mediated immune-sup-pressive environment. pPD-L1 could be an easy-to-use clinical approach to predict ICI responsiveness.

High levels of PD-L1 on platelets of NSCLC patients contributes to the pharmacological activity of Atezolizumab

Colarusso C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Falanga A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Terlizzi M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Sommella E. M.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Caponigro V.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Salviati E.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Campiglia P.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pinto A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Sorrentino R.
Investigation
2023-01-01

Abstract

Several studies have associated platelets (PLTs) to NSCLC prognosis. To understand the role of PLTs in immunotherapy-treated patients, we used blood samples of NSCLC patients at different TNM stage. We found that PLTs count and the expression of PD-L1 (pPD-L1) were significantly higher in NSCLC patients at Stage IV than Stage I-III and healthy subjects. The presence of high pPD-L1 was associated to upregulated genes for the extracellular matrix organization and tumor immunosuppression. When patients' survival was correlated to the levels of pPD-L1, longer survival rate was observed, but not when progression disease occurred. The in vitro stimulation of pPD-L1 with Atezolizumab induced CXCL4 release, accompanied by higher levels of TGF beta at the time of drug resistance when the levels of CD16, CD32 and CD64 significantly increased. Leiden-clustering method defined the phenotype of PLTs which showed that the ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM) family proteins, underlying the PD-L1 signalosome, were involved in high pPD-L1 and higher survival rate. These data imply that Stage IV NSCLC patients characterized by high pPD-L1 are associated with longer progression-free survival rate because the blockade of pPD-L1 by Atezolizumab avoids the exacerbation of a T cell-mediated immune-sup-pressive environment. pPD-L1 could be an easy-to-use clinical approach to predict ICI responsiveness.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4851716
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