: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is increasingly diagnosed in patients with dysphagia. Type-2 immunity can induce EoE histopathology via non-IgE-dependent mechanisms, possibly involving IgG4 and IL-10. To elucidate the contribution of this response to EoE pathogenesis, we examined its association with clinical and histologic endpoints in adult EoE patients given a two-food elimination diet. IgG4- and IL-10-expressing cells were counted in esophageal biopsies and serum food-specific IgG4 measured at baseline and follow-up. Variables were correlated with histologic measures of disease activity. Patients exhibited significant reduction in esophageal eosinophilia and overall histology. A significant decrease in IL-10+-cell frequencies correlated with histologic changes. In contrast, a decline in serum and esophageal IgG4, while substantial, did not correlate with IL-10+-cell frequencies or histologic parameters. These results suggest a critical role of IL-10 in EoE pathogenesis. Conversely, IgG4 expression, while reflecting exposure to food antigens, is not obviously related to EoE histopathology or IL-10 expression.

Changes in mucosal IgG4+- and IL-10+-cell frequencies in adults with eosinophilic esophagitis on a two-food elimination diet

Appanna, Ramapraba;Gargano, Domenico;Caputo, Alessandro;Ricciardi, Luca;Santonicola, Antonella;Stefanelli, Berenice;D'Auria, Raffaella;Conti, Valeria;Casolaro, Vincenzo
;
Iovino, Paola
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is increasingly diagnosed in patients with dysphagia. Type-2 immunity can induce EoE histopathology via non-IgE-dependent mechanisms, possibly involving IgG4 and IL-10. To elucidate the contribution of this response to EoE pathogenesis, we examined its association with clinical and histologic endpoints in adult EoE patients given a two-food elimination diet. IgG4- and IL-10-expressing cells were counted in esophageal biopsies and serum food-specific IgG4 measured at baseline and follow-up. Variables were correlated with histologic measures of disease activity. Patients exhibited significant reduction in esophageal eosinophilia and overall histology. A significant decrease in IL-10+-cell frequencies correlated with histologic changes. In contrast, a decline in serum and esophageal IgG4, while substantial, did not correlate with IL-10+-cell frequencies or histologic parameters. These results suggest a critical role of IL-10 in EoE pathogenesis. Conversely, IgG4 expression, while reflecting exposure to food antigens, is not obviously related to EoE histopathology or IL-10 expression.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4852158
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