Simple Summary Acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC) is a rare parotid gland tumour that is indolent in the majority of patients; however, its definition is still evolving because in a subgroup of patients it shows aggressive behaviour with lateral neck metastases and massive recurrences. Several authors have attempted to characterise this subgroup of patients, but the main limitation is the rarity of the tumour for which there are no prospective studies. In this study, we defined the epidemiological, clinical and histological features of 77 patients with AciCC of the parotid gland, with the aim of defining the characteristics of the high-risk patients.Abstract Background. The acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC) of the parotid gland is a rare tumor with an indolent behavior; however, a subgroup of this tumor presents an aggressive behavior with a tendency to recur. The aim of this multicenter study was to identify and stratify those patients with AciCC at high risk of tumor recurrence. Methods. A retrospective study was carried out involving 77 patients treated with surgery between January 2000 and September 2022, in different Italian referral centers. Data about tumor characteristics and its recurrence were collected. The histological specimens and slides were independently reviewed by a senior pathologist coordinator (L.C.) and the institution's local head and neck pathologist. Results. The patients' age average was 53.6 years, with a female prevalence in the group. The mean follow-up was 67.4 months (1-258, SD 59.39). The five-year overall survival (OS) was 83.2%. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 60% (95% CI 58.2-61.7). A high incidence of necrosis, extraglandular spread, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), atypical mitosis, and cellular pleomorphism was observed in the high-risk tumors compared to the low-risk ones. Conclusion. AciCC generally had an indolent behavior, optimal OS, DFS with few cervical node metastases, and rare distant relapses. This multicenter retrospective case series provides evidence of the need for clinical-epidemiological-histological stratification for patients at risk of poor outcomes. Our results suggest that the correct definition of high-risk AciCC should include tumor size, the presence of necrosis, extraglandular spread, LVI, atypical mitosis, and cellular pleomorphism.

A Retrospective Multicenter Italian Analysis of Epidemiological, Clinical and Histopathological Features in a Sample of Patients with Acinic Cell Carcinoma of the Parotid Gland

Scarpa, Alfonso;Caputo, Alessandro;Salzano, Francesco Antonio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Simple Summary Acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC) is a rare parotid gland tumour that is indolent in the majority of patients; however, its definition is still evolving because in a subgroup of patients it shows aggressive behaviour with lateral neck metastases and massive recurrences. Several authors have attempted to characterise this subgroup of patients, but the main limitation is the rarity of the tumour for which there are no prospective studies. In this study, we defined the epidemiological, clinical and histological features of 77 patients with AciCC of the parotid gland, with the aim of defining the characteristics of the high-risk patients.Abstract Background. The acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC) of the parotid gland is a rare tumor with an indolent behavior; however, a subgroup of this tumor presents an aggressive behavior with a tendency to recur. The aim of this multicenter study was to identify and stratify those patients with AciCC at high risk of tumor recurrence. Methods. A retrospective study was carried out involving 77 patients treated with surgery between January 2000 and September 2022, in different Italian referral centers. Data about tumor characteristics and its recurrence were collected. The histological specimens and slides were independently reviewed by a senior pathologist coordinator (L.C.) and the institution's local head and neck pathologist. Results. The patients' age average was 53.6 years, with a female prevalence in the group. The mean follow-up was 67.4 months (1-258, SD 59.39). The five-year overall survival (OS) was 83.2%. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 60% (95% CI 58.2-61.7). A high incidence of necrosis, extraglandular spread, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), atypical mitosis, and cellular pleomorphism was observed in the high-risk tumors compared to the low-risk ones. Conclusion. AciCC generally had an indolent behavior, optimal OS, DFS with few cervical node metastases, and rare distant relapses. This multicenter retrospective case series provides evidence of the need for clinical-epidemiological-histological stratification for patients at risk of poor outcomes. Our results suggest that the correct definition of high-risk AciCC should include tumor size, the presence of necrosis, extraglandular spread, LVI, atypical mitosis, and cellular pleomorphism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4853871
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