The interference of three types of microplastics (MPs) on the inactivation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) by advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) (namely, sunlight/H2O2 and solar photo-Fenton (SPF) with Ethylenediamine-N,N ' disuccinic acid (EDDS)), in real secondary treated urban wastewater was investigated for the first time. Inactivation by sunlight/H2O2 treatment decreased as MPs concentration and H2O2 dose were increased. Noteworthy, an opposite behaviour was observed for SPF process where inactivation increased as MPs concentration was increased. Biofilm formation and microbial attachment on surfaces of post-treated MPs were observed on polyethylene (PE) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) MPs by field emission scanning electron microscopy. In presence of PE MPs, a complete inactivation of E. Coli was achieved by SPF with EDDS (Fe:EDDS = 1:2) after 90 min treatment unlike of sunlight/H2O2 treatment (-4.0 log reduction, 40 mg/L H2O2 dose, 90 min treatment). The lower efficiency of sunlight/H2O2 process could be attributed to the blocking/scattering effect of MPs on sunlight, which finally reduced the intracellular photo Fenton effect. A reduced E. coli regrowth was observed in presence of MPs. SPF (Fe:EDDS = 1:1) with PE MPs was less effective in controlling bacterial regrowth (-120 CFU/100 mL) than sunlight/H2O2 (-10 CFU/100 mL) after 48 h of post-treatment. These results provide useful information about possible interference of MPs on urban wastewater disinfection by solar driven AOPs and possible implications for effluent reuse.

Effect of microplastics on urban wastewater disinfection and impact on effluent reuse: Sunlight/H2O2 vs solar photo-Fenton at neutral pH

Adeel, Mister;Granata, Veronica;Carapella, Giovanni;Rizzo, Luigi
2024-01-01

Abstract

The interference of three types of microplastics (MPs) on the inactivation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) by advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) (namely, sunlight/H2O2 and solar photo-Fenton (SPF) with Ethylenediamine-N,N ' disuccinic acid (EDDS)), in real secondary treated urban wastewater was investigated for the first time. Inactivation by sunlight/H2O2 treatment decreased as MPs concentration and H2O2 dose were increased. Noteworthy, an opposite behaviour was observed for SPF process where inactivation increased as MPs concentration was increased. Biofilm formation and microbial attachment on surfaces of post-treated MPs were observed on polyethylene (PE) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) MPs by field emission scanning electron microscopy. In presence of PE MPs, a complete inactivation of E. Coli was achieved by SPF with EDDS (Fe:EDDS = 1:2) after 90 min treatment unlike of sunlight/H2O2 treatment (-4.0 log reduction, 40 mg/L H2O2 dose, 90 min treatment). The lower efficiency of sunlight/H2O2 process could be attributed to the blocking/scattering effect of MPs on sunlight, which finally reduced the intracellular photo Fenton effect. A reduced E. coli regrowth was observed in presence of MPs. SPF (Fe:EDDS = 1:1) with PE MPs was less effective in controlling bacterial regrowth (-120 CFU/100 mL) than sunlight/H2O2 (-10 CFU/100 mL) after 48 h of post-treatment. These results provide useful information about possible interference of MPs on urban wastewater disinfection by solar driven AOPs and possible implications for effluent reuse.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4854776
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