Two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at oxide interfaces exhibits various exotic properties stemming from interfacial inversion and symmetry breaking. In this work, we report large nonlinear transverse conductivities in the LaAlO3/KTaO3 interface 2DEG under zero magnetic field. Skew scattering was identified as the dominant origin based on the cubic scaling of nonlinear transverse conductivity with linear longitudinal conductivity and 3-fold symmetry. Moreover, gate-tunable nonlinear transport with pronounced peak and dip was observed and reproduced by our theoretical calculation. These results indicate the presence of Berry curvature hotspots and thus a large Berry curvature triplet at the oxide interface. Our theoretical calculations confirm the existence of large Berry curvatures from the avoided crossing of multiple 5d-orbit bands, orders of magnitude larger than that in transition-metal dichalcogenides. Nonlinear transport offers a new pathway to probe the Berry curvature at oxide interfaces and facilitates new applications in oxide nonlinear electronics.

Large Nonlinear Transverse Conductivity and Berry Curvature in KTaO3 Based Two-Dimensional Electron Gas

Trama, Mattia;Citro, Roberta
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at oxide interfaces exhibits various exotic properties stemming from interfacial inversion and symmetry breaking. In this work, we report large nonlinear transverse conductivities in the LaAlO3/KTaO3 interface 2DEG under zero magnetic field. Skew scattering was identified as the dominant origin based on the cubic scaling of nonlinear transverse conductivity with linear longitudinal conductivity and 3-fold symmetry. Moreover, gate-tunable nonlinear transport with pronounced peak and dip was observed and reproduced by our theoretical calculation. These results indicate the presence of Berry curvature hotspots and thus a large Berry curvature triplet at the oxide interface. Our theoretical calculations confirm the existence of large Berry curvatures from the avoided crossing of multiple 5d-orbit bands, orders of magnitude larger than that in transition-metal dichalcogenides. Nonlinear transport offers a new pathway to probe the Berry curvature at oxide interfaces and facilitates new applications in oxide nonlinear electronics.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4855996
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