Purpose: To evaluate the effects of increased endogenous Antisecretory Factor (AF) synthesis using specially processed cereals (SPC) in a sample of patients with defined unilateral Meniere's disease (MD), compared to the results of a treatment protocol of intravenous glycerol and dexamethasone.Materials and methods: Twenty-six patients with unilateral MD were divided in 2 groups and treated with SPC and with intravenous glycerol and dexamethasone for 24 months. Audio-vestibular evaluation was performed before (T0) and every six months. The number of vertigo spells were evaluated before and after therapy and the Efficacy Index (EI) was calculated. Questionnaires for hearing loss, tinnitus and quality of life were administered.Results: EI decreased in the SPC group after 18 (T18) (p = .0017) and 24 (T24) months of therapy (p = .0111). There was a significant reduction for tinnitus score in the SPC group at T24 (p = .0131). No significant differences were found between the two groups at T0 (p = .4723), while a significant difference was found at T24 (p = .0027). Quality of life showed a significant improvement in daily activities in the SPC group (p = .0033) compared to the infusion therapy group. No statistically significant changes in PTA thresholds were found in both groups between T0 and T24.Conclusion: The preliminary results of our study show a significant reduction of vertigo spells and a positive effect on tinnitus severity and on quality of life in patients with unilateral MD treated with SPC and when compared to patients treated with intravenous glycerol and dexamethasone. No effects on hearing thresholds were noted in both groups.

The role of endogenous Antisecretory Factor (AF) in the treatment of Ménière's Disease: A two-year follow-up study. Preliminary results

Scarpa, Alfonso;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of increased endogenous Antisecretory Factor (AF) synthesis using specially processed cereals (SPC) in a sample of patients with defined unilateral Meniere's disease (MD), compared to the results of a treatment protocol of intravenous glycerol and dexamethasone.Materials and methods: Twenty-six patients with unilateral MD were divided in 2 groups and treated with SPC and with intravenous glycerol and dexamethasone for 24 months. Audio-vestibular evaluation was performed before (T0) and every six months. The number of vertigo spells were evaluated before and after therapy and the Efficacy Index (EI) was calculated. Questionnaires for hearing loss, tinnitus and quality of life were administered.Results: EI decreased in the SPC group after 18 (T18) (p = .0017) and 24 (T24) months of therapy (p = .0111). There was a significant reduction for tinnitus score in the SPC group at T24 (p = .0131). No significant differences were found between the two groups at T0 (p = .4723), while a significant difference was found at T24 (p = .0027). Quality of life showed a significant improvement in daily activities in the SPC group (p = .0033) compared to the infusion therapy group. No statistically significant changes in PTA thresholds were found in both groups between T0 and T24.Conclusion: The preliminary results of our study show a significant reduction of vertigo spells and a positive effect on tinnitus severity and on quality of life in patients with unilateral MD treated with SPC and when compared to patients treated with intravenous glycerol and dexamethasone. No effects on hearing thresholds were noted in both groups.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4859012
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