Background: The management of advanced rectal cancer has changed into a multidisciplinary treatment model. Only limited randomized data are available for patients with rectal cancer treated laparoscopically. Aim: We report a multimodal treatment of advanced rectal cancer: preoperative oncological treatment, use of endoscopic stent (for malignant obstruction), minimal invasive treatment. Methods: The Authors reported a series of 45 laparoscopic rectal resections for adenocarcinoma, some of them with malignant obstruction. Long-term oncological results were reviewed. Results: The 30-day mortality was 2.2%. Of 45 adenocarcinoma, 4 cases were obstructed. Successful stent positioning was obtained in all patients and treated with radiochemiotherapy before laparoscopic resection. The 5-year global survival rate (including stage IV) was 62.2%; for stage II was 77.9% and 53.8% for stage III. Conclusion: This study indicates that laparoscopy for advanced rectal cancer have good long-term results. In high and middle rectal malignant obstructions, we considered the use of stents to be useful.

Long-term results of laparoscopic treatment for advanced rectal cancer

Bracale, U
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2008-01-01

Abstract

Background: The management of advanced rectal cancer has changed into a multidisciplinary treatment model. Only limited randomized data are available for patients with rectal cancer treated laparoscopically. Aim: We report a multimodal treatment of advanced rectal cancer: preoperative oncological treatment, use of endoscopic stent (for malignant obstruction), minimal invasive treatment. Methods: The Authors reported a series of 45 laparoscopic rectal resections for adenocarcinoma, some of them with malignant obstruction. Long-term oncological results were reviewed. Results: The 30-day mortality was 2.2%. Of 45 adenocarcinoma, 4 cases were obstructed. Successful stent positioning was obtained in all patients and treated with radiochemiotherapy before laparoscopic resection. The 5-year global survival rate (including stage IV) was 62.2%; for stage II was 77.9% and 53.8% for stage III. Conclusion: This study indicates that laparoscopy for advanced rectal cancer have good long-term results. In high and middle rectal malignant obstructions, we considered the use of stents to be useful.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4859936
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