Background: Heterozygous mutations in GBA1 gene are known as most common genetic risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, role of GBA1 mutations in non-α-synuclein disorders is unclear. Cases: Case index, 76 year-old woman referred to our movement disorders outpatient clinic for 2-year history of gait impairment, falls and motor slowness, with partial response to levodopa. Clinical and instrumental examinations were consistent with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy-Corticobasal Syndrome (PSP-CBS). Case 2 is older sister reporting depressive symptoms; however, she had dementia (MMSE 18/30), gait apraxia and vertical supranuclear gaze palsy (VSNGP). Case 3 is her deceased older sister who had been diagnosed with Corticobasal Syndrome (CBS). Case 4, older brother had been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease-dementia (PDD) with good response to levodopa. Two affected living siblings harboring same genetic variant. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first family showing such intrafamilial variability ranging from CBS to PDD to dementia.

Expanding the Spectrum of GBA1‐Associated Neurodegenerative Diseases in an Italian Family

Sorrentino, Cristiano;Dati, Giovanna;Cuoco, Sofia;Barone, Paolo;Pellecchia, Maria Teresa
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Heterozygous mutations in GBA1 gene are known as most common genetic risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, role of GBA1 mutations in non-α-synuclein disorders is unclear. Cases: Case index, 76 year-old woman referred to our movement disorders outpatient clinic for 2-year history of gait impairment, falls and motor slowness, with partial response to levodopa. Clinical and instrumental examinations were consistent with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy-Corticobasal Syndrome (PSP-CBS). Case 2 is older sister reporting depressive symptoms; however, she had dementia (MMSE 18/30), gait apraxia and vertical supranuclear gaze palsy (VSNGP). Case 3 is her deceased older sister who had been diagnosed with Corticobasal Syndrome (CBS). Case 4, older brother had been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease-dementia (PDD) with good response to levodopa. Two affected living siblings harboring same genetic variant. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first family showing such intrafamilial variability ranging from CBS to PDD to dementia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4868518
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