: Following the introduction of RNA-based vaccines, COVID-19 vaccine-associated clinical lymphadenopathy (C19-LAP) has been reported as a side effect. Moreover, subclinical lymphadenopathy detected on imaging (SLDI) has also been observed, mainly as incidental findings while performing screening tests on oncological patients. In these cases, surgical lymphadenectomy, fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy (CNB) have been used as a valuable diagnostic tool for SLDI and C19-LAP. In this review the clinical, histologic and cytologic features of SLDI and C19-LAP have been investigated. A search for studies that reported on C19-LAP and SLDI histopathology and cytopathology was performed on PubMed and Google Scholar, on 11 January 2023. Thirty-one reports on SLDI and C19-LAP were retrieved and included in a pooled analysis. In total, we included 54 patients with a median age of 47 years. In our research, surgical excision, CNB and/or FNAC of C19-LAP or SLDI enlarged lymph nodes have been performed in 54 cases. Of all cases, only two metastases were diagnosed and one case was diagnosed as reactive hyperplasia with atypical follicles. The remaining cases were reactive lymphadenopathy (28 cases), follicular hyperplasia (13 cases), Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (6 cases), granulomatous lymphadenitis (2 cases), eosinophilic lymph node abscesses (1 case), Langherans cell histiocytosis (1 case), Rosai-Dorfman disease (1 case). SLDI and C19-LAP have represented a diagnostic dilemma, especially in oncologic patients. The role of different diagnostic tools for SLDI and C19-LAP has been discussed.

COVID-19 vaccine-associated lymphadenopathy: a review

Maffei E.;Giudice V.;Ciancia G.;Zeppa P.;Caputo A.
2024-01-01

Abstract

: Following the introduction of RNA-based vaccines, COVID-19 vaccine-associated clinical lymphadenopathy (C19-LAP) has been reported as a side effect. Moreover, subclinical lymphadenopathy detected on imaging (SLDI) has also been observed, mainly as incidental findings while performing screening tests on oncological patients. In these cases, surgical lymphadenectomy, fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core needle biopsy (CNB) have been used as a valuable diagnostic tool for SLDI and C19-LAP. In this review the clinical, histologic and cytologic features of SLDI and C19-LAP have been investigated. A search for studies that reported on C19-LAP and SLDI histopathology and cytopathology was performed on PubMed and Google Scholar, on 11 January 2023. Thirty-one reports on SLDI and C19-LAP were retrieved and included in a pooled analysis. In total, we included 54 patients with a median age of 47 years. In our research, surgical excision, CNB and/or FNAC of C19-LAP or SLDI enlarged lymph nodes have been performed in 54 cases. Of all cases, only two metastases were diagnosed and one case was diagnosed as reactive hyperplasia with atypical follicles. The remaining cases were reactive lymphadenopathy (28 cases), follicular hyperplasia (13 cases), Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (6 cases), granulomatous lymphadenitis (2 cases), eosinophilic lymph node abscesses (1 case), Langherans cell histiocytosis (1 case), Rosai-Dorfman disease (1 case). SLDI and C19-LAP have represented a diagnostic dilemma, especially in oncologic patients. The role of different diagnostic tools for SLDI and C19-LAP has been discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4869733
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