Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a severe disability due to progressive lung dysfunction. IPF has long been viewed as a non-immune form of pulmonary fibrosis, but nowadays it is accepted that a chronic inflammatory response can exacerbate fibrotic patterns. IL-1-like cytokines and ATP are highly detected in the lung and broncho-alveolar lavage fluid of IPF patients. Because ATP binds the purinergic receptor P2RX7 involved in the release of IL-1-like cytokines, we aimed to understand the role of P2RX7 in IPF. PBMCs from IPF patients were treated with nintedanib or pirfenidone in the presence of ATP. Under these conditions, PBMCs still released IL-1-like cytokines and the pro-fibrotic TGFβ. Bulk and scRNAseq demonstrated that lung tissues of IPF patients had higher levels of P2RX7, especially on macrophages, which were correlated to T cell activity and inflammatory response with a TGFBI and IL-10 signature. A subcluster of macrophages in IPF lung tissues had 2055 genes that were not in common with the other subclusters, and that were involved in metabolic and PDGF, FGF and VEGF associated pathways. These data confirmed what observed on circulating cells that, although treated with anti-fibrotic agents, nintedanib or pirfenidone, they were still able to release IL-1 cytokines and the fibrogenic TGFβ. In conclusion, these data imply that because nintedanib and pirfenidone do not block ATP-induced IL-1-like cytokines and TGFβ induced during P2RX7 activation, it is plausible to consider P2RX7 on circulating cells and/or tissue biopsies as potential pharmacological tool for IPF patients.

ATP-induced fibrogenic pathway in circulating cells obtained by idiopathic pulmonary fibrotic (IPF) patients is not blocked by nintedanib and pirfenidone

Chiara Colarusso
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Simone Di Caprio
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Michela Terlizzi
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Emmanuel D'Andria
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Piera Maiolino
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Rosalinda Sorrentino
Project Administration
2024-01-01

Abstract

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a severe disability due to progressive lung dysfunction. IPF has long been viewed as a non-immune form of pulmonary fibrosis, but nowadays it is accepted that a chronic inflammatory response can exacerbate fibrotic patterns. IL-1-like cytokines and ATP are highly detected in the lung and broncho-alveolar lavage fluid of IPF patients. Because ATP binds the purinergic receptor P2RX7 involved in the release of IL-1-like cytokines, we aimed to understand the role of P2RX7 in IPF. PBMCs from IPF patients were treated with nintedanib or pirfenidone in the presence of ATP. Under these conditions, PBMCs still released IL-1-like cytokines and the pro-fibrotic TGFβ. Bulk and scRNAseq demonstrated that lung tissues of IPF patients had higher levels of P2RX7, especially on macrophages, which were correlated to T cell activity and inflammatory response with a TGFBI and IL-10 signature. A subcluster of macrophages in IPF lung tissues had 2055 genes that were not in common with the other subclusters, and that were involved in metabolic and PDGF, FGF and VEGF associated pathways. These data confirmed what observed on circulating cells that, although treated with anti-fibrotic agents, nintedanib or pirfenidone, they were still able to release IL-1 cytokines and the fibrogenic TGFβ. In conclusion, these data imply that because nintedanib and pirfenidone do not block ATP-induced IL-1-like cytokines and TGFβ induced during P2RX7 activation, it is plausible to consider P2RX7 on circulating cells and/or tissue biopsies as potential pharmacological tool for IPF patients.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4870071
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact