BACKGROUND: Zizyphus lotus seeds are an unutilized source of vegetable oil and protein and nothing has been reported on their physicochemical characteristics which would indicate the potential uses of these seeds. RESULTS: The percentage composition of the Zizyphus lotus seeds is (on a dry-weight basis): ash 1.05%, oil 32.92%, protein 19.11%, total carbohydrate 40.87% and moisture 6.05%. Calcium, potassium and magnesium constitute the major minerals of Zizyphus lotus seeds. The seed proteins are rich in threonine, glutamic acid, leucine, arginine and aspartic acid (26.73%, 17.28%, 13.11%, 9.47% and 7.76%, respectively). The main fatty acids of the oil are oleic (61.93%), linoleic (18.31%) and palmitic (9.14%) acids. Glycerol trioleate (OOO; O: oleic acid) was the most abundant triacylglycerol, representing 26.48% of the total triacyglycerols. beta-Tocopherolwas themajor tocopherol (130.47 mg100 g(-1)). This oilwas rich in Delta 7-campestrol and beta-sitosterol (147.82 and 82.10 mg 100 g(-1) oil), respectively. CONCLUSION: Zizyphus lotus seeds are rich in fat and protein which are of potential industrial significance. In addition, Zizyphus lotus L. seed oil contained many bioactive compounds. This fact is of great economic interest owing to several applications of Zizyphus lotus L. seeds in the food, cosmetics and medicinal industries.
|Titolo:||Nutritional composition of Zizyphus lotus L. seeds|
|Autori interni:||DONSI', FRANCESCO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Rivista:||SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.2 Articolo su rivista con ISSN|