Some technical aspects of laparoscopic spleen surgery still are debated, although efforts have been made to standardize them. The position of the patient, the approach to the spleen, vessel identification and division, and spleen extraction can vary from center to center.This retrospective muticentric study led by the Società Italiana di Videochirurgia Infantile (SIVI) examined indications, surgical details, and complications of laparoscopic spleen surgery in the pediatric population during a 5-year period.The study period from January 1999 to December 2003 (5 years) involved nine centers and included 85 patients with a mean age of 10 years (range, 2-17 years). Hypersplenism or severe hemolysis in cases of hematologic disorders represented the most important indications. More than 90\% of the patients underwent total laparoscopic splenectomy. Specific technical details from each center were collected. Intraoperative complications occurred in 19\% of the patients (hemorrhage in 8\% and technical problems in 14\%), and 6\% of the patients required conversion to the open approach. No deaths occurred, and no reoperations were required. Postoperative complications were experienced by 2\% of the patients.Laparoscopic spleen surgery is safe, reliable, and effective in the pediatric population. On the basis of the results, some technical details for laparoscopic spleen surgery can be suggested. The patient is preferably kept supine or lateral, approaching the spleen anteriorly. Moreover, the ilar vessels should be identified selectively and individually, with initial artery division performed to achieve spleen shrinking. Any hemostatic device proved to be effective in experienced hands. Once freed, the spleen is preferably extracted via a suprapubic cosmetic transverse incision (faster, easier, and safer), although a bag can be used. Finally, the size of the spleen does not represent a contraindication for a trained and experienced surgeon. Nevertheless, this parameter must be considered when laparoscopic spleen surgery is planned.

Italian multicentric survey on laparoscopic spleen surgery in the pediatric population.

GARZI, Alfredo;
2007

Abstract

Some technical aspects of laparoscopic spleen surgery still are debated, although efforts have been made to standardize them. The position of the patient, the approach to the spleen, vessel identification and division, and spleen extraction can vary from center to center.This retrospective muticentric study led by the Società Italiana di Videochirurgia Infantile (SIVI) examined indications, surgical details, and complications of laparoscopic spleen surgery in the pediatric population during a 5-year period.The study period from January 1999 to December 2003 (5 years) involved nine centers and included 85 patients with a mean age of 10 years (range, 2-17 years). Hypersplenism or severe hemolysis in cases of hematologic disorders represented the most important indications. More than 90\% of the patients underwent total laparoscopic splenectomy. Specific technical details from each center were collected. Intraoperative complications occurred in 19\% of the patients (hemorrhage in 8\% and technical problems in 14\%), and 6\% of the patients required conversion to the open approach. No deaths occurred, and no reoperations were required. Postoperative complications were experienced by 2\% of the patients.Laparoscopic spleen surgery is safe, reliable, and effective in the pediatric population. On the basis of the results, some technical details for laparoscopic spleen surgery can be suggested. The patient is preferably kept supine or lateral, approaching the spleen anteriorly. Moreover, the ilar vessels should be identified selectively and individually, with initial artery division performed to achieve spleen shrinking. Any hemostatic device proved to be effective in experienced hands. Once freed, the spleen is preferably extracted via a suprapubic cosmetic transverse incision (faster, easier, and safer), although a bag can be used. Finally, the size of the spleen does not represent a contraindication for a trained and experienced surgeon. Nevertheless, this parameter must be considered when laparoscopic spleen surgery is planned.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3127880
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact