At birth, newborn babies tend to respond to any stressful event with elective blood shunting towards the main organ systems, such as the brain and heart. Consequently, the bowel may suffer from a severe flow reduction with a high risk of hypoperfusion. The distal ileum is relatively less vascularized than other parts of intestine, due to a lack of collateral arteriolar circulation. It is therefore at higher risk of hypoxia, tissue necrosis and perforation in situations of minimal hypoperfusion or spasm. A rare case of covered perforation of the last loop of the ileum in a severely preterm baby is reported. The perforation manifested atypically as inflammatory stenosis of the loop and the ileo-cecal valve. To avoid misdiagnoses and to manage these cases correctly, the caregiver has to consider this rare eventuality in the differential diagnosis of intestinal occlusion/subocclusion in the first days of life.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.