Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent and efficacious spasmogen of airway smooth muscle. Recent observations suggest that an increased intrapulmonary production of ET-1 may occur in asthma. Our previous study showed that endothelin-1 induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness to inhaled histamine in the rabbit. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the ET(A) and ET(B) receptors mediate the bronchial hyperresponsiveness induced by endothelin-1 in the rabbit. Our data showed that bronchial hyperresponsiveness induced by ET-1 was significantly inhibited (P<0.01) by the ET(A) receptor-selective antagonist, FR 139317 (from 2.5 to 10 mg kg(-1)). Moreover, bosentan (from 2.5 mg kg(-1) to 10 mg kg(-1)), an ET(A)/ET(B) receptor antagonist, also inhibited the bronchial hyperresponsiveness achieved 24 h following endothelin-1 challenge (P<0.01), but with no difference from FR 139317. The ET(B) receptor agonist, sarafotoxin S6c (from 25 microg to 2.5 mg kg(-1)) did not modify airway responsiveness to inhaled histamine in the rabbit. These results indicate that bronchial hyperresponsiveness induced by ET-1 may be mediated by ET(A) receptor activation.

Endothelin-1 induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness in the rabbit: an ET(A) receptor-mediated phenomenon.

FILIPPELLI, Amelia;
1999

Abstract

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent and efficacious spasmogen of airway smooth muscle. Recent observations suggest that an increased intrapulmonary production of ET-1 may occur in asthma. Our previous study showed that endothelin-1 induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness to inhaled histamine in the rabbit. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the ET(A) and ET(B) receptors mediate the bronchial hyperresponsiveness induced by endothelin-1 in the rabbit. Our data showed that bronchial hyperresponsiveness induced by ET-1 was significantly inhibited (P<0.01) by the ET(A) receptor-selective antagonist, FR 139317 (from 2.5 to 10 mg kg(-1)). Moreover, bosentan (from 2.5 mg kg(-1) to 10 mg kg(-1)), an ET(A)/ET(B) receptor antagonist, also inhibited the bronchial hyperresponsiveness achieved 24 h following endothelin-1 challenge (P<0.01), but with no difference from FR 139317. The ET(B) receptor agonist, sarafotoxin S6c (from 25 microg to 2.5 mg kg(-1)) did not modify airway responsiveness to inhaled histamine in the rabbit. These results indicate that bronchial hyperresponsiveness induced by ET-1 may be mediated by ET(A) receptor activation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3127927
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