BACKGROUND: It is well established that both PES and SES reduce the need for reintervention as compared with bare-metal stents. Whether everolimus-eluting stent (EES) a "second-generation" drug-eluting stent, further improves clinical outcomes compared to PES and SES still remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of randomized trials evaluating safety and efficacy of EES compared with paclitaxel- (PES) and sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We undertook a literature search using Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, scientific session abstracts and relevant websites, until August 2010. Included studies comprised randomized trials evaluating EES vs PES/SES, in patients undergoing PCI, at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: Five studies, enrolling 8058 patients, were included. At 12-month follow-up, patients treated with EES, as compared with PES/SES, experienced lower target-lesion revascularization (OR [95% CI] = 0.56 [0.45-0.70], p<0.00001) and myocardial infarction rates (OR [95% CI] = 0.57 [0.43-0.77], p = 0.0002), without difference in mortality (OR [95% CI] = 0.88 [0.62-1.24], p = 0.46). A trend towards lower stent thrombosis rates in favour of EES vs PES/SES was found (OR [95% CI] = 0.45 [0.20-1.01], p = 0.05). However, after the exclusion of SES, EES significantly reduced stent thrombosis as compared with PES (OR [95% CI] = 0.35 [0.14-0.86], p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: At 12-month follow-up, treatment with EES is associated with decreased target-lesion revascularization and myocardial infarction rates, without differences in mortality, as compared with PES/SES. EES vs PES/SES use is associated with a trend towards lower stent thrombosis rates. Moreover, EES significantly reduce stent thrombosis with respect to PES

Twelve-month clinical outcomes of everolimus-eluting stent as compared to paclitaxel- and sirolimus-eluting stent in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. A meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

GALASSO, Gennaro;PISCIONE, Federico
2011-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is well established that both PES and SES reduce the need for reintervention as compared with bare-metal stents. Whether everolimus-eluting stent (EES) a "second-generation" drug-eluting stent, further improves clinical outcomes compared to PES and SES still remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of randomized trials evaluating safety and efficacy of EES compared with paclitaxel- (PES) and sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We undertook a literature search using Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, scientific session abstracts and relevant websites, until August 2010. Included studies comprised randomized trials evaluating EES vs PES/SES, in patients undergoing PCI, at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: Five studies, enrolling 8058 patients, were included. At 12-month follow-up, patients treated with EES, as compared with PES/SES, experienced lower target-lesion revascularization (OR [95% CI] = 0.56 [0.45-0.70], p<0.00001) and myocardial infarction rates (OR [95% CI] = 0.57 [0.43-0.77], p = 0.0002), without difference in mortality (OR [95% CI] = 0.88 [0.62-1.24], p = 0.46). A trend towards lower stent thrombosis rates in favour of EES vs PES/SES was found (OR [95% CI] = 0.45 [0.20-1.01], p = 0.05). However, after the exclusion of SES, EES significantly reduced stent thrombosis as compared with PES (OR [95% CI] = 0.35 [0.14-0.86], p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: At 12-month follow-up, treatment with EES is associated with decreased target-lesion revascularization and myocardial infarction rates, without differences in mortality, as compared with PES/SES. EES vs PES/SES use is associated with a trend towards lower stent thrombosis rates. Moreover, EES significantly reduce stent thrombosis with respect to PES
2011
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/3459077
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact