Older age is an independent predictor of mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with Non-ST elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors are proved to improve outcome in high risk patients, but conflicting data are available about the effects of these inhibitors in elderly. Accordingly, we studied a consecutive population of elderly patients undergoing PCI for Non-ST elevation ACS. A total of 500 patients were divided in: GPI group (247 pts; mean age 77+/-1.9 years) treated by stenting plus abciximab and, no GPI group (253 pts; mean age 77+/-2.4 years) treated by stenting alone. Propensity analysis was used to account for the nonrandomized use of GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors. During hospitalization, incidence of death was similar among groups (3.2% vs 4.6%) without difference regarding incidence of major (1.6% vs 1.1%) and minor bleedings (4% vs 3%). At long-term follow-up the rate of death was significantly lower in GPI group (4.5% vs 12.3%; p=0.002) as well as the rate of acute myocardial infarction (2.8% vs 11.1%; p=0.0001), and pre-PCI (5.7% vs 13.4%; p=0.003). Cox regression analysis identified abciximab use as an independent predictor of lower long-term major adverse cardiac event (MACE) after adjustment for propensity score (Exp (B) 0.620, 95%CI 0.394-0.976, p=0.039). Our results suggest that addition of abciximab to stenting improves outcome in elderly patients with Non-ST elevation ACS, leading to an absolute benefit for reduction of death and MACE, with an acceptable rate of major and minor bleedings

Abciximab in elderly with acute coronary syndrome invasively treated: effect on outcome.

GALASSO, Gennaro;PISCIONE, Federico;
2008

Abstract

Older age is an independent predictor of mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with Non-ST elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors are proved to improve outcome in high risk patients, but conflicting data are available about the effects of these inhibitors in elderly. Accordingly, we studied a consecutive population of elderly patients undergoing PCI for Non-ST elevation ACS. A total of 500 patients were divided in: GPI group (247 pts; mean age 77+/-1.9 years) treated by stenting plus abciximab and, no GPI group (253 pts; mean age 77+/-2.4 years) treated by stenting alone. Propensity analysis was used to account for the nonrandomized use of GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors. During hospitalization, incidence of death was similar among groups (3.2% vs 4.6%) without difference regarding incidence of major (1.6% vs 1.1%) and minor bleedings (4% vs 3%). At long-term follow-up the rate of death was significantly lower in GPI group (4.5% vs 12.3%; p=0.002) as well as the rate of acute myocardial infarction (2.8% vs 11.1%; p=0.0001), and pre-PCI (5.7% vs 13.4%; p=0.003). Cox regression analysis identified abciximab use as an independent predictor of lower long-term major adverse cardiac event (MACE) after adjustment for propensity score (Exp (B) 0.620, 95%CI 0.394-0.976, p=0.039). Our results suggest that addition of abciximab to stenting improves outcome in elderly patients with Non-ST elevation ACS, leading to an absolute benefit for reduction of death and MACE, with an acceptable rate of major and minor bleedings
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3475477
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