Aims: Acute aortic syndromes (AAS) still represent life-threatening conditions. The aim of this study was to describe our experience in the management of patients (pts) with AAS and to evaluate the safety and feasibility of endovascular treatment (EVT) in high surgical risk patients. Methods and results: One hundred and four patients underwent EVT. We selected 56 pts with AAS: 17 complicated type B aortic dissections, five traumatic aortic ruptures at the isthmus, 11 thoracic aneurysms and 23 pts with large AAA with impending rupture. All these pts were at high surgical risk because of their comorbidities and/or their emergency situation. They were clinically followed during hospitalisation and they underwent a 2 mm-interval CT-scan two weeks, six and 12 months after discharge and every year after. Death, paraplegia, open surgical conversion did not occur. Two pts underwent a successful secondary EVT for type I endoleak. One patient with thoracic aortic aneurysm died of septic shock from pneumonia 78 days after discharge and two pts with AAA suffering from a severe three-vessel coronary disease experienced sudden death at one year follow-up. Conclusions: EVT seems to be a safe and effective therapeutic option with good short- and midterm results in patients with AAS at high surgical risk. Thus, it can be considered as a less-invasive alternative in patients considered otherwise unsuitable for conventional surgery, even though a careful, continued follow-up is still necessary to confirm the long-term safety and effectiveness of EVT in AAS.

Acute aortic syndromes at high surgical risk: the endovascular approach.

PISCIONE, Federico;
2008

Abstract

Aims: Acute aortic syndromes (AAS) still represent life-threatening conditions. The aim of this study was to describe our experience in the management of patients (pts) with AAS and to evaluate the safety and feasibility of endovascular treatment (EVT) in high surgical risk patients. Methods and results: One hundred and four patients underwent EVT. We selected 56 pts with AAS: 17 complicated type B aortic dissections, five traumatic aortic ruptures at the isthmus, 11 thoracic aneurysms and 23 pts with large AAA with impending rupture. All these pts were at high surgical risk because of their comorbidities and/or their emergency situation. They were clinically followed during hospitalisation and they underwent a 2 mm-interval CT-scan two weeks, six and 12 months after discharge and every year after. Death, paraplegia, open surgical conversion did not occur. Two pts underwent a successful secondary EVT for type I endoleak. One patient with thoracic aortic aneurysm died of septic shock from pneumonia 78 days after discharge and two pts with AAA suffering from a severe three-vessel coronary disease experienced sudden death at one year follow-up. Conclusions: EVT seems to be a safe and effective therapeutic option with good short- and midterm results in patients with AAS at high surgical risk. Thus, it can be considered as a less-invasive alternative in patients considered otherwise unsuitable for conventional surgery, even though a careful, continued follow-up is still necessary to confirm the long-term safety and effectiveness of EVT in AAS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/3475877
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