OBJECTIVE: To assess effects on left ventricular (LV) function and on long term clinical outcome of late percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of a chronically occluded infarct related artery. METHODS: 65 patients who underwent PTCA a mean (SD) of 6.0 (1.2) months after a previous myocardial infarction were divided in two groups according to dilated artery patency status after PTCA: group 1 (35 patients with TIMI (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction) grade 3 flow) and group 2 (30 patients with TIMI grade 0-2 flow). Echocardiography was performed at admission and at six months' follow up. A three year follow up was conducted with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) as end points. RESULTS: At follow up, group 1 had improved global LV ejection fraction (48.7% v 43.6%, p < 0.001) and LV indexed end diastolic and end systolic volumes (75 v 86 ml/m(2) and 40 v 53 ml/m(2), respectively, p = 0.011) compared with group 2. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a higher incidence of cardiac death (p = 0.02) and MACE (p < 0.0001) in group 2. TIMI 3 after PTCA was an independent predictor of event-free survival at follow up. CONCLUSION: Late PTCA of a chronically occluded infarct related artery improves LV function, reduces cardiac death, and improves long term clinical outcome.

Late reopening of an occluded infarct related artery improves left ventricular function and long term clinical outcome.

PISCIONE, Federico;GALASSO, Gennaro;
2005-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess effects on left ventricular (LV) function and on long term clinical outcome of late percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of a chronically occluded infarct related artery. METHODS: 65 patients who underwent PTCA a mean (SD) of 6.0 (1.2) months after a previous myocardial infarction were divided in two groups according to dilated artery patency status after PTCA: group 1 (35 patients with TIMI (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction) grade 3 flow) and group 2 (30 patients with TIMI grade 0-2 flow). Echocardiography was performed at admission and at six months' follow up. A three year follow up was conducted with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) as end points. RESULTS: At follow up, group 1 had improved global LV ejection fraction (48.7% v 43.6%, p < 0.001) and LV indexed end diastolic and end systolic volumes (75 v 86 ml/m(2) and 40 v 53 ml/m(2), respectively, p = 0.011) compared with group 2. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a higher incidence of cardiac death (p = 0.02) and MACE (p < 0.0001) in group 2. TIMI 3 after PTCA was an independent predictor of event-free survival at follow up. CONCLUSION: Late PTCA of a chronically occluded infarct related artery improves LV function, reduces cardiac death, and improves long term clinical outcome.
2005
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/3478477
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