Clinical, hemodynamic, coronary arteriographic, and ventriculographic findings of 94 patients (pts) with coronary artery disease (CAD) and old myocardial infarction (MI) have been described and compared with those of 70 pts with CAD and no previous MI. Pts with old MI presented a more compromised functional and hemodynamic status, with a higher incidence of NYHA class III-IV pts (40%), symptoms of left ventricular (LV) failure (31%), cardiomegaly (70%), higher left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) (19.6 +/- 9.6 mmHg, p less than 0.05), compared with 32%, 22%, 54% and 16.0 +/- 6.8 mmHg respectively in CAD pts with no MI. MI pts presented more severe CAD, higher incidences of three vessel disease (56%, p less than .005) and of left anterior descending (LAD) (34%) and right coronary artery (RCA) (36%) occlusions, compared with 34%, 6%, and 9% respectively in pts with no MI. Furthermore, pts with old MI showed more diffused and severe LV segmental wall contraction abnormalities, with higher frequencies of LV aneurysm (31%) and of pts with asynergy of more than 2 LV segments (26%), compared with 1% and 3% respectively in pts with no MI. Within the group with old MI, LVEDP was higher in pts with anterior (A) (22.0 +/- 11 mmHg, p less than .02) and anterior ł diaphragmatic (AłD) (21.5+/- 7.9 mmHg, p less than .05) MI, compared with pts with diaphragmatic (D) MI (16.6 +/- 7.1 mmHg); furthermore, LVEDP increase was significantly correlated with the severity and the extent of LV asynergy. In A and D MI, LAD and RCA stenoses or occlusions were prevalent respectively; pts with AłD MI showed larger numbers of coronary stenosis (3.05) and occlusions (1.05) per patient. The coronary artery supplying the infarcted area showed stenosis (greater than 75%) in 95.6% and was normal in 2.2% of cases. Thus, pts with CAD and old MI, and particularly of AłD and A MI, show a more compromised hemodynamic status and more severe degrees of CAD and of LV segmental wall contraction abnormality, which are responsible for their poor prognosis, compared to pts with CAD but no old MI.
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