PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare clinical and radiographic outcomes of opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) augmented with either xenograft or tricalcium phosphate spacer for the management of medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) with genu varum. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2007, we prospectively enrolled 52 patients with medial compartment knee OA who underwent opening-wedge HTO fixed with locking Puddu plate and xenograft (n = 26) or non-locking Puddu plate and tricalcium phosphate spacer (n = 26). The alignment of the lower limb was assessed by measuring the hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle. Clinical outcomes were assessed with the Knee Society Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, SF-36 and European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions scale. All patients were followed up at six weeks and at three, six, 12 and 24 months post-operatively. Clinical outcomes were assessed preoperatively and at 24 months post-operatively. RESULTS: All clinical scores improved significantly in both groups after surgery, without any significant difference between the two groups. Immediately after surgery, the HKA angle went from 9.1 ± 5.2° in varus to 3.1 ± 4.8° in valgus (P = 0.01) in the xenograft group, and from 8.5 ± 5.9° in varus to 3.4 ± 4.2° in valgus (P = 0.01) in the tricalcium phosphate group. At the last follow-up, the tricalcium phosphate group showed a significant loss of correction (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: HTO performed with xenograft locking plate and tricalcium phosphate non-locking plate constructs showed good clinical outcomes. However, the xenograft locking plate construct is superior to the tricalcium phosphate spacer non-locking plate to prevent the loss of correction in the middle term.

Bovine xenograft locking Puddu plate versus tricalcium phosphate spacer non-locking Puddu plate in opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy: a prospective double-cohort study.

MAFFULLI, Nicola;Oliva F.
2013

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare clinical and radiographic outcomes of opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) augmented with either xenograft or tricalcium phosphate spacer for the management of medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) with genu varum. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2007, we prospectively enrolled 52 patients with medial compartment knee OA who underwent opening-wedge HTO fixed with locking Puddu plate and xenograft (n = 26) or non-locking Puddu plate and tricalcium phosphate spacer (n = 26). The alignment of the lower limb was assessed by measuring the hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle. Clinical outcomes were assessed with the Knee Society Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, SF-36 and European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions scale. All patients were followed up at six weeks and at three, six, 12 and 24 months post-operatively. Clinical outcomes were assessed preoperatively and at 24 months post-operatively. RESULTS: All clinical scores improved significantly in both groups after surgery, without any significant difference between the two groups. Immediately after surgery, the HKA angle went from 9.1 ± 5.2° in varus to 3.1 ± 4.8° in valgus (P = 0.01) in the xenograft group, and from 8.5 ± 5.9° in varus to 3.4 ± 4.2° in valgus (P = 0.01) in the tricalcium phosphate group. At the last follow-up, the tricalcium phosphate group showed a significant loss of correction (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: HTO performed with xenograft locking plate and tricalcium phosphate non-locking plate constructs showed good clinical outcomes. However, the xenograft locking plate construct is superior to the tricalcium phosphate spacer non-locking plate to prevent the loss of correction in the middle term.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4104453
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