PURPOSE: Study reports clinical and functional outcomes of surgical treatment in a case series of nine patients with distal fibular tumours. METHODS: Nine patients with distal fibular tumours were observed between 2005 and 2010. A PubMed search was performed using the terms "fibula", "lower limb tumour [cancer]", "sarcoma", "Ewing", "peroneal", "fibular metastasis", and "limb-salvage surgery". RESULTS: In all our patients, lesions were unilateral. All patients complained of pain; limping was present in 5 of 9 tumours. Patients were managed surgically, except one who underwent local radiotherapy. In six patients, a benign or tumor-like lesion was detected. Malignancies consisted of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma (two cases) or multifocal mesenchymal cancer (one case). Non-malignant lesions were treated by curettage and filling, followed by internal fixation when needed. In malignant or locally aggressive lesions, metadiaphyseal fibular resection was performed. The literature search retrieved either case reports or small case series, reflecting the rarity of distal fibular tumours. Surgical treatment was successful in all patients with benign lesions, whereas the rate of success was 40-100 % in case of malignancies. CONCLUSIONS: Given the low incidence of distal fibular tumours, controversies exist about the optimal surgical management. Clinical observation and imaging should be reserved to asymptomatic benign lesions. In non-malignant tumours causing pain, limping, and pathological fractures; in malignancies, surgery is recommended. Finally, in patients with asymptomatic lesions of uncertain nature, biopsy and histological examination should be performed to plan appropriate management.

Clinical management and surgical treatment of distal fibular tumours: a case series and review of the literature.

MAFFULLI, Nicola;
2012

Abstract

PURPOSE: Study reports clinical and functional outcomes of surgical treatment in a case series of nine patients with distal fibular tumours. METHODS: Nine patients with distal fibular tumours were observed between 2005 and 2010. A PubMed search was performed using the terms "fibula", "lower limb tumour [cancer]", "sarcoma", "Ewing", "peroneal", "fibular metastasis", and "limb-salvage surgery". RESULTS: In all our patients, lesions were unilateral. All patients complained of pain; limping was present in 5 of 9 tumours. Patients were managed surgically, except one who underwent local radiotherapy. In six patients, a benign or tumor-like lesion was detected. Malignancies consisted of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma (two cases) or multifocal mesenchymal cancer (one case). Non-malignant lesions were treated by curettage and filling, followed by internal fixation when needed. In malignant or locally aggressive lesions, metadiaphyseal fibular resection was performed. The literature search retrieved either case reports or small case series, reflecting the rarity of distal fibular tumours. Surgical treatment was successful in all patients with benign lesions, whereas the rate of success was 40-100 % in case of malignancies. CONCLUSIONS: Given the low incidence of distal fibular tumours, controversies exist about the optimal surgical management. Clinical observation and imaging should be reserved to asymptomatic benign lesions. In non-malignant tumours causing pain, limping, and pathological fractures; in malignancies, surgery is recommended. Finally, in patients with asymptomatic lesions of uncertain nature, biopsy and histological examination should be performed to plan appropriate management.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4195882
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact