Treatment of chronic Achilles tendon ruptures can be technically difficult because of tendon retraction, atrophy, and short distal stumps. Surgical repair of chronic Achilles tendon ruptures focuses on local and free tendon transfers, as well as reconstruction with allografts or synthetic materials. This study examined the in vitro mechanical properties of a reconstructed Achilles tendon with the peroneus brevis or the flexor hallucis longus tendons in a human cadaver model. The tendons were harvested from 17 fresh-frozen human cadavers, and the same techniques were used for all of the model reconstructions. Biomechanical measurements included the failure load, stiffness, energy-to-peak load, and mode of failure. The mean failure load was significantly higher in the peroneus brevis group (P = .036), and there was no significant difference in stiffness and energy-to-peak load between the peroneus brevis and flexor hallucis longus groups. In every case, the mode of failure involved the tendon graft pulling through either the distal or proximal stump of the Achilles tendon. The greater failure loads observed with the use of peroneus brevis may not be clinically relevant, however, because of the magnitude of the peak loads observed in the cadaveric model. The present study supports the use of either peroneus brevis or flexor hallucis longus for reconstruction of chronic Achilles tendon ruptures and indicates the need for surgeons to carefully reinforce the attachment of the transferred tendon grafts to the stumps of the Achilles tendon to prevent pullout.

Mechanical properties of reconstructed achilles tendon with transfer of peroneus brevis or flexor hallucis longus tendon.

MAFFULLI, Nicola;
2007

Abstract

Treatment of chronic Achilles tendon ruptures can be technically difficult because of tendon retraction, atrophy, and short distal stumps. Surgical repair of chronic Achilles tendon ruptures focuses on local and free tendon transfers, as well as reconstruction with allografts or synthetic materials. This study examined the in vitro mechanical properties of a reconstructed Achilles tendon with the peroneus brevis or the flexor hallucis longus tendons in a human cadaver model. The tendons were harvested from 17 fresh-frozen human cadavers, and the same techniques were used for all of the model reconstructions. Biomechanical measurements included the failure load, stiffness, energy-to-peak load, and mode of failure. The mean failure load was significantly higher in the peroneus brevis group (P = .036), and there was no significant difference in stiffness and energy-to-peak load between the peroneus brevis and flexor hallucis longus groups. In every case, the mode of failure involved the tendon graft pulling through either the distal or proximal stump of the Achilles tendon. The greater failure loads observed with the use of peroneus brevis may not be clinically relevant, however, because of the magnitude of the peak loads observed in the cadaveric model. The present study supports the use of either peroneus brevis or flexor hallucis longus for reconstruction of chronic Achilles tendon ruptures and indicates the need for surgeons to carefully reinforce the attachment of the transferred tendon grafts to the stumps of the Achilles tendon to prevent pullout.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4206478
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