Semantic annotation is at the core of Semantic Web technology: it bridges the gap between legacy non-semantic web resource descriptions and their elicited, formally specified conceptualization, converting syntactic structures into knowledge structures, i.e., ontologies. Most existing approaches and tools are designed to deal with manual or semi-/automatic semantic annotation that exploits available ontologies through the pattern-based discovery of concepts. This work aims to generate the automatic semantic annotation of web resources, without any prefixed ontological support. The novelty of our approach is that, starting from web resources, content with a high-level of abstraction is obtained: concepts, connections between concepts, and instance-population are identified and arranged into an ex-novo ontology. The framework is designed to process resources from different sources (textual information, images, etc.) and generate an ontology-based annotation. A data-driven analysis reveals the data and their intrinsic relationships (in the form of triples) extracted from the resource content. On the basis of the discovered semantics, corresponding concepts and properties are modeled, allowing an ad hoc ontology to be built through an OWL-based coding annotation. The benefit of this approach is the generation of knowledge structured in a quite automatic way (i.e., the human support is restricted to the configuration of some parameters). The approach exploits a fuzzy extension of the mathematical modeling of Formal Concept Analysis and Relational Concept Analysis to generate the ontological structure of data resources.

Formal and relational concept analysis for fuzzy-based automatic semantic annotation

DE MAIO, CARMEN;FENZA, GIUSEPPE;M. Gallo;LOIA, Vincenzo;SENATORE, Sabrina
2014

Abstract

Semantic annotation is at the core of Semantic Web technology: it bridges the gap between legacy non-semantic web resource descriptions and their elicited, formally specified conceptualization, converting syntactic structures into knowledge structures, i.e., ontologies. Most existing approaches and tools are designed to deal with manual or semi-/automatic semantic annotation that exploits available ontologies through the pattern-based discovery of concepts. This work aims to generate the automatic semantic annotation of web resources, without any prefixed ontological support. The novelty of our approach is that, starting from web resources, content with a high-level of abstraction is obtained: concepts, connections between concepts, and instance-population are identified and arranged into an ex-novo ontology. The framework is designed to process resources from different sources (textual information, images, etc.) and generate an ontology-based annotation. A data-driven analysis reveals the data and their intrinsic relationships (in the form of triples) extracted from the resource content. On the basis of the discovered semantics, corresponding concepts and properties are modeled, allowing an ad hoc ontology to be built through an OWL-based coding annotation. The benefit of this approach is the generation of knowledge structured in a quite automatic way (i.e., the human support is restricted to the configuration of some parameters). The approach exploits a fuzzy extension of the mathematical modeling of Formal Concept Analysis and Relational Concept Analysis to generate the ontological structure of data resources.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4269853
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