Substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) have been found in the perichondrium and within the cartilage canals. It is still unknown whether they exert a direct effect on chondrocytes during joint development. We processed 28 knees of newborn Wistar rats in 7 different fashions to perform histology and immunohistochemistry studies. Positive immunoreactivity against CGRP and SP was found in the inner aspect of the perichondrium in a close contact with chondrocytes. The presence of CGRP and SP indicates the presence of nerves fibers, and precedes the development of cartilage canals. Nerve fibers may play a role in the development of synovial joints before and during the presence of cartilage canals. The presence of CGRP and SP in the cartilage at birth may be involved in the early postnatal maturation of synovial joints. It remains to be determined whether autonomic innervation is later involved in age-related degenerative joint disease.

Immunohistochemical localization of calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P in the rat knee cartilage at birth.

Oliva F;MAFFULLI, Nicola
2005

Abstract

Substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) have been found in the perichondrium and within the cartilage canals. It is still unknown whether they exert a direct effect on chondrocytes during joint development. We processed 28 knees of newborn Wistar rats in 7 different fashions to perform histology and immunohistochemistry studies. Positive immunoreactivity against CGRP and SP was found in the inner aspect of the perichondrium in a close contact with chondrocytes. The presence of CGRP and SP indicates the presence of nerves fibers, and precedes the development of cartilage canals. Nerve fibers may play a role in the development of synovial joints before and during the presence of cartilage canals. The presence of CGRP and SP in the cartilage at birth may be involved in the early postnatal maturation of synovial joints. It remains to be determined whether autonomic innervation is later involved in age-related degenerative joint disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4313290
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