OBJECTIVE: To report the results of a longitudinal study on reconstruction of neglected Achilles tendon rupture using a free autologous gracilis tendon graft. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one patients underwent surgery for a neglected rupture of the Achilles tendon occurring between 65 days and 9 months before the operation. METHODS: All participants were prospectively followed up for 2 years, and final review was performed at 28.4 +/- 3.5 months from the operation. Functional (anthropometric measurements, isometric strength, return to activities) and clinical assessment was performed. RESULTS: No patients experienced any problems in the wound used to harvest the tendon of gracilis. Five patients were managed conservatively following a superficial infection of the Achilles tendon surgical wound. No patients developed a deep vein thrombosis or sustained a rerupture. All patients were able to walk on tiptoes, and no patient used a heel lift or walked with a visible limp. The maximum calf circumference remained significantly decreased in the operated leg at final review. The operated limb was significantly less strong than the nonoperated one. CONCLUSIONS: The management of neglected tears of the Achilles tendon by free gracilis tendon grafting is safe but technically demanding. It affords good recovery, even in patients with a neglected rupture of a duration of 9 months. These patients should be warned that they are at risk for postoperative complications, and that their ankle plantar flexion strength can remain reduced.

Free gracilis tendon graft in neglected tears of the achilles tendon.

MAFFULLI, Nicola;
2005

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To report the results of a longitudinal study on reconstruction of neglected Achilles tendon rupture using a free autologous gracilis tendon graft. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one patients underwent surgery for a neglected rupture of the Achilles tendon occurring between 65 days and 9 months before the operation. METHODS: All participants were prospectively followed up for 2 years, and final review was performed at 28.4 +/- 3.5 months from the operation. Functional (anthropometric measurements, isometric strength, return to activities) and clinical assessment was performed. RESULTS: No patients experienced any problems in the wound used to harvest the tendon of gracilis. Five patients were managed conservatively following a superficial infection of the Achilles tendon surgical wound. No patients developed a deep vein thrombosis or sustained a rerupture. All patients were able to walk on tiptoes, and no patient used a heel lift or walked with a visible limp. The maximum calf circumference remained significantly decreased in the operated leg at final review. The operated limb was significantly less strong than the nonoperated one. CONCLUSIONS: The management of neglected tears of the Achilles tendon by free gracilis tendon grafting is safe but technically demanding. It affords good recovery, even in patients with a neglected rupture of a duration of 9 months. These patients should be warned that they are at risk for postoperative complications, and that their ankle plantar flexion strength can remain reduced.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4313304
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