BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the best method for management of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. Individual preferences, drawn from experience and study, determine whether treatment is operative or nonoperative. PURPOSE: Our goal was to review the literature to try to determine what management method was the most popular and effective. We wanted to ascertain the best results in terms of complication rates and patient outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of retrospectively and prospectively collected data. METHODS: We analyzed 125 articles in peer-reviewed journals for year of publication, patient numbers, sex, management method, follow-up complications, and patient satisfaction. Each article was graded using a validated methods score. Methods, patient satisfaction, and complication rates were correlated with the year each article was published. RESULTS: Skin-healing complications were lowest in conservatively managed patients (3 of 578, 0.5%) and highest in open repair and immobilized patients (543 of 3718, 14.6%). General complication rates were lowest in open repair and early-mobilization groups (16 of 238, 6.7%) and highest in percutaneous and early-mobilization groups (19 of 122, 15.6%). Rerupture rates were highest in immobilized conservative management groups (62 of 578, 10.7%) and lowest in groups with external fixation (0%). CONCLUSIONS: In general, the number of publications reporting Achilles tendon ruptures is increasing, the quality of articles is increasing, and the trend for the number of reported complications is decreasing. The published articles had a low methods score (mean, 50.9; range, 25 to 77) and showed a trend toward earlier mobilization. Open repair and early mobilization give the best functional recovery and an acceptable complication rate.

Quantitative review of operative and nonoperative management of achilles tendon ruptures.

MAFFULLI, Nicola
2002

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the best method for management of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. Individual preferences, drawn from experience and study, determine whether treatment is operative or nonoperative. PURPOSE: Our goal was to review the literature to try to determine what management method was the most popular and effective. We wanted to ascertain the best results in terms of complication rates and patient outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of retrospectively and prospectively collected data. METHODS: We analyzed 125 articles in peer-reviewed journals for year of publication, patient numbers, sex, management method, follow-up complications, and patient satisfaction. Each article was graded using a validated methods score. Methods, patient satisfaction, and complication rates were correlated with the year each article was published. RESULTS: Skin-healing complications were lowest in conservatively managed patients (3 of 578, 0.5%) and highest in open repair and immobilized patients (543 of 3718, 14.6%). General complication rates were lowest in open repair and early-mobilization groups (16 of 238, 6.7%) and highest in percutaneous and early-mobilization groups (19 of 122, 15.6%). Rerupture rates were highest in immobilized conservative management groups (62 of 578, 10.7%) and lowest in groups with external fixation (0%). CONCLUSIONS: In general, the number of publications reporting Achilles tendon ruptures is increasing, the quality of articles is increasing, and the trend for the number of reported complications is decreasing. The published articles had a low methods score (mean, 50.9; range, 25 to 77) and showed a trend toward earlier mobilization. Open repair and early mobilization give the best functional recovery and an acceptable complication rate.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4324653
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