AIM: To quantify, by histomorphometry, the effects of local insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) during mandibular distraction at various rates. METHODOLOGY: Mature rabbits underwent bilateral mandibular corticotomy and distraction lengthening. Recombinant IGF-1 was administered to two groups of rabbits via osmotic infusion pumps. Distraction regimes were as follows: Group A, 1 mm/day for 15 days; Group B, as for A plus IGF-1; Group C, 3 mm/day for 5 days; Group D, as for C plus IGF-1; and Group E, sham-operated controls. After a 28-day consolidation period, rabbits were sacrificed and bone deposition quantified using DEXA scanning, three-point bending, histological examination and sampled for histomorphometric analysis. RESULTS: DEXA scanning and three-point bending failed to detect any effect of distraction rate or of IGF-1 infusion. Histological and histomorphometric analysis suggested 1 mm/day to be the ideal distraction rate, as this was associated with greater osteoblastic activity and consistent bony union. However, IGF-1 infusion significantly enhanced osteoblastic activity at both distraction rates and resulted in bony union when distraction was performed at 3 mm/day. CONCLUSIONS: Distraction osteogenesis at a rate of 1 mm/day provides greater osteogenic stimulus than 3 mm/day. Exogenous IGF-1 has a positive influence on osteoblastic activity during distraction. Its effect is probably minimised by high levels of endogenous IGF-1.

A quantitative analysis of the effect of insulin-like growth factor-1 infusion during mandibular distraction osteogenesis in rabbits.

MAFFULLI, Nicola;
1999

Abstract

AIM: To quantify, by histomorphometry, the effects of local insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) during mandibular distraction at various rates. METHODOLOGY: Mature rabbits underwent bilateral mandibular corticotomy and distraction lengthening. Recombinant IGF-1 was administered to two groups of rabbits via osmotic infusion pumps. Distraction regimes were as follows: Group A, 1 mm/day for 15 days; Group B, as for A plus IGF-1; Group C, 3 mm/day for 5 days; Group D, as for C plus IGF-1; and Group E, sham-operated controls. After a 28-day consolidation period, rabbits were sacrificed and bone deposition quantified using DEXA scanning, three-point bending, histological examination and sampled for histomorphometric analysis. RESULTS: DEXA scanning and three-point bending failed to detect any effect of distraction rate or of IGF-1 infusion. Histological and histomorphometric analysis suggested 1 mm/day to be the ideal distraction rate, as this was associated with greater osteoblastic activity and consistent bony union. However, IGF-1 infusion significantly enhanced osteoblastic activity at both distraction rates and resulted in bony union when distraction was performed at 3 mm/day. CONCLUSIONS: Distraction osteogenesis at a rate of 1 mm/day provides greater osteogenic stimulus than 3 mm/day. Exogenous IGF-1 has a positive influence on osteoblastic activity during distraction. Its effect is probably minimised by high levels of endogenous IGF-1.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4332853
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