To describe the electroclinical features and the long-term outcomes of epilepsy in a large cohort of males and females with Down syndrome who developed epilepsy in childhood. STUDY DESIGN: Subjects with Down syndrome and cryptogenic epilepsy with onset in childhood were identified retrospectively from the databases of 16 Italian epilepsy centers over a 40-year period. For each subject, age at onset of seizures, seizure semiology and frequency, electroencephalography characteristics, treatment with antiepileptic drugs, and long-term clinical and electroencephalography outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 104 subjects (64 males [61.5%], 40 females [38.5%]) were identified. Seizure onset occurred within 1 year of birth in 54 subjects (51.9%), between 1 and 12 years in 42 subjects (40.4%), and after 12 years in 8 subjects (7.7%). Males had a younger age of seizure onset than females. Of the 104 subjects, 51 (49.0%) had infantile spasms (IS), 35 (33.7%) had partial seizures (PS), and 18 (17.3%) had generalized seizures (GS). Febrile seizures were recorded in 5 (4.8%) subjects. Intractable seizures were observed in 23 (22.1%) subjects, including 5 (9.8%) with IS, 8 (44.4%) with PS, and 10 (31.3%) with GS. CONCLUSION: Cryptogenic epilepsy in Down syndrome may develop during the first year of life in the form of IS or, successively, as PS or GS. Electroclinical features of IS resemble those of idiopathic West syndrome, with a favorable response to treatment with adrenocorticotropic hormone seen. Patients experiencing PS and GS may be resistant to therapy with antiepileptic drugs

Electroclinical features and long-term outcome of cryptogenic epilepsy in children with Down syndrome

COPPOLA, Giangennaro;
2013

Abstract

To describe the electroclinical features and the long-term outcomes of epilepsy in a large cohort of males and females with Down syndrome who developed epilepsy in childhood. STUDY DESIGN: Subjects with Down syndrome and cryptogenic epilepsy with onset in childhood were identified retrospectively from the databases of 16 Italian epilepsy centers over a 40-year period. For each subject, age at onset of seizures, seizure semiology and frequency, electroencephalography characteristics, treatment with antiepileptic drugs, and long-term clinical and electroencephalography outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 104 subjects (64 males [61.5%], 40 females [38.5%]) were identified. Seizure onset occurred within 1 year of birth in 54 subjects (51.9%), between 1 and 12 years in 42 subjects (40.4%), and after 12 years in 8 subjects (7.7%). Males had a younger age of seizure onset than females. Of the 104 subjects, 51 (49.0%) had infantile spasms (IS), 35 (33.7%) had partial seizures (PS), and 18 (17.3%) had generalized seizures (GS). Febrile seizures were recorded in 5 (4.8%) subjects. Intractable seizures were observed in 23 (22.1%) subjects, including 5 (9.8%) with IS, 8 (44.4%) with PS, and 10 (31.3%) with GS. CONCLUSION: Cryptogenic epilepsy in Down syndrome may develop during the first year of life in the form of IS or, successively, as PS or GS. Electroclinical features of IS resemble those of idiopathic West syndrome, with a favorable response to treatment with adrenocorticotropic hormone seen. Patients experiencing PS and GS may be resistant to therapy with antiepileptic drugs
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4578282
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