Chitosan (CH) is one of the polymers most frequently proposed in form of hydrogels for tissue engineering (TE) applications. It is often crosslinked with the aim of improving its stability and mechanical proper-ties. In this work, a supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) gel drying process was proposed to obtain CHscaffolds and, for the first time, the simultaneous elimination of unreacted glutaraldehyde (GTA), takingadvantage of its solubility in supercritical mixtures.SC-CO2gel dried crosslinked CH aerogels showed a nanofibrous structure characterized by an averagediameter of about 100 nm. No collapse of the nanostructure was observed in the aerogels, due to thepeculiarities of supercritical fluids (e.g., near zero surface tension). Moreover, crosslinked CH showed athermally stable structure, as determined by TGA analysis. The hypothesis that a supercritical mixture isable to efficiently extract GTA residues entrapped in the gel matrix was also verified: negligible residuesof GTA were found at the end of release experiments; in particular, at the best operating conditions, aGTA concentration equal to 0.013 ppm was detected. Therefore, the produced crosslinked CH aerogelscan be effectively and safely used for TE applications.

Complete glutaraldehyde elimination during chitosan hydrogel drying by SC-CO2 processing

BALDINO, LUCIA;CONCILIO, Simona;CARDEA, STEFANO;DE MARCO, Iolanda;REVERCHON, Ernesto
2015

Abstract

Chitosan (CH) is one of the polymers most frequently proposed in form of hydrogels for tissue engineering (TE) applications. It is often crosslinked with the aim of improving its stability and mechanical proper-ties. In this work, a supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) gel drying process was proposed to obtain CHscaffolds and, for the first time, the simultaneous elimination of unreacted glutaraldehyde (GTA), takingadvantage of its solubility in supercritical mixtures.SC-CO2gel dried crosslinked CH aerogels showed a nanofibrous structure characterized by an averagediameter of about 100 nm. No collapse of the nanostructure was observed in the aerogels, due to thepeculiarities of supercritical fluids (e.g., near zero surface tension). Moreover, crosslinked CH showed athermally stable structure, as determined by TGA analysis. The hypothesis that a supercritical mixture isable to efficiently extract GTA residues entrapped in the gel matrix was also verified: negligible residuesof GTA were found at the end of release experiments; in particular, at the best operating conditions, aGTA concentration equal to 0.013 ppm was detected. Therefore, the produced crosslinked CH aerogelscan be effectively and safely used for TE applications.
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Descrizione: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.supflu.2015.04.020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4645278
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