Several studies have highlighted the prognostic role of preprocedural Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow in the infarct-related artery (IRA) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the impact of preprocedural IRA occlusion in patients with diabetes with STEMI has been insufficiently studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of baseline IRA occlusion and diabetic status in patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention by using data from a pooled analysis of randomized trials comparing intracoronary with intravenous abciximab bolus administration. A total of 3,046 patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were included. Diabetes was present in 578 patients (19%). The primary outcome was mortality after a median follow-up period of 375 days. Secondary end points were reinfarction and stent thrombosis. In patients without diabetes, IRA occlusion versus no occlusion was not associated with increased rates of mortality (4.3% vs 2.7%, p = 0.051) and reinfarction (3.3% vs 2.5%, p = 0.33). Patients with diabetes with IRA occlusion compared with those without occlusion showed higher rates of mortality (10.6% vs 4.6%, p = 0.01) and reinfarction (5.6% vs 2.1%, p = 0.03). Baseline IRA occlusion increased the rate of stent thrombosis in the nondiabetic (2.1% vs 1.0%, p = 0.04) and diabetic (3.2% vs 0.8%, p = 0.05) cohorts. Interaction analysis demonstrated that the risk for death and reinfarction was significantly increased when diabetes and IRA occlusion occurred concomitantly. In conclusion, patients with STEMI with diabetes and baseline IRA occlusion had disproportionately higher rates of death and reinfarction. Preprocedural IRA occlusion increased the risk for stent thrombosis, irrespective of diabetic status.

Effects of baseline coronary occlusion and diabetes mellitus in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

PICCOLO, RAFFAELE;PISCIONE, Federico
2014

Abstract

Several studies have highlighted the prognostic role of preprocedural Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow in the infarct-related artery (IRA) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the impact of preprocedural IRA occlusion in patients with diabetes with STEMI has been insufficiently studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of baseline IRA occlusion and diabetic status in patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention by using data from a pooled analysis of randomized trials comparing intracoronary with intravenous abciximab bolus administration. A total of 3,046 patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were included. Diabetes was present in 578 patients (19%). The primary outcome was mortality after a median follow-up period of 375 days. Secondary end points were reinfarction and stent thrombosis. In patients without diabetes, IRA occlusion versus no occlusion was not associated with increased rates of mortality (4.3% vs 2.7%, p = 0.051) and reinfarction (3.3% vs 2.5%, p = 0.33). Patients with diabetes with IRA occlusion compared with those without occlusion showed higher rates of mortality (10.6% vs 4.6%, p = 0.01) and reinfarction (5.6% vs 2.1%, p = 0.03). Baseline IRA occlusion increased the rate of stent thrombosis in the nondiabetic (2.1% vs 1.0%, p = 0.04) and diabetic (3.2% vs 0.8%, p = 0.05) cohorts. Interaction analysis demonstrated that the risk for death and reinfarction was significantly increased when diabetes and IRA occlusion occurred concomitantly. In conclusion, patients with STEMI with diabetes and baseline IRA occlusion had disproportionately higher rates of death and reinfarction. Preprocedural IRA occlusion increased the risk for stent thrombosis, irrespective of diabetic status.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4651147
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