We evaluated the relation between reperfusion indexes and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in patients with inferior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We included patients with inferior STEMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and right coronary artery as infarct-related artery. Myocardial reperfusion was evaluated by Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow, TIMI frame count, myocardial blush grade, and ST-segment resolution. RV dysfunction was defined as tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion≤16 mm in M-mode imaging. RV dysfunction was present in 58 of 141 patients (41.1%) and was more frequent in patients achieving suboptimal postprocedural TIMI flow grade (66.7% vs 36.7%, grades 0 to 2 vs 3, p=0.01), TIMI frame count (63.2% vs 37.7%, ≥40 vs <40 frames, p=0.04), and myocardial blush grade (33.3% vs 56.2%, grade 0 or 1 vs 2 or 3, p=0.001). RV dysfunction rates did not differ according to ST-segment resolution. Patients with RV dysfunction had increased rates of cardiac death (13.2% vs 2.6%, p=0.03), reinfarction (24.5% vs 10.3%, p=0.03), and stent thrombosis (22.6% vs 6.4%, p=0.01) at 2-year follow-up. Postprocedural TIMI flow grade 3 (odds ratio 0.25, 95% confidence interval 0.09 to 0.68, p=0.007) was the only reperfusion correlate of RV dysfunction at multivariate analysis. In an independent cohort of 84 patients with STEMI, postprocedural TIMI flow grade 3 had a limited sensitivity (52%), with a high specificity (74.5%) and negative predictive value (71%) for excluding RV dysfunction. In conclusion, in patients with inferior STEMI undergoing coronary revascularization, RV dysfunction is associated with a worse long-term prognosis. Postprocedural TIMI flow grade may be a useful tool to predict RV dysfunction.

Reperfusion correlates and clinical outcomes of right ventricular dysfunction in patients with inferior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

PICCOLO, RAFFAELE;PISCIONE, Federico;GALASSO, Gennaro
2014

Abstract

We evaluated the relation between reperfusion indexes and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction in patients with inferior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We included patients with inferior STEMI undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and right coronary artery as infarct-related artery. Myocardial reperfusion was evaluated by Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow, TIMI frame count, myocardial blush grade, and ST-segment resolution. RV dysfunction was defined as tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion≤16 mm in M-mode imaging. RV dysfunction was present in 58 of 141 patients (41.1%) and was more frequent in patients achieving suboptimal postprocedural TIMI flow grade (66.7% vs 36.7%, grades 0 to 2 vs 3, p=0.01), TIMI frame count (63.2% vs 37.7%, ≥40 vs <40 frames, p=0.04), and myocardial blush grade (33.3% vs 56.2%, grade 0 or 1 vs 2 or 3, p=0.001). RV dysfunction rates did not differ according to ST-segment resolution. Patients with RV dysfunction had increased rates of cardiac death (13.2% vs 2.6%, p=0.03), reinfarction (24.5% vs 10.3%, p=0.03), and stent thrombosis (22.6% vs 6.4%, p=0.01) at 2-year follow-up. Postprocedural TIMI flow grade 3 (odds ratio 0.25, 95% confidence interval 0.09 to 0.68, p=0.007) was the only reperfusion correlate of RV dysfunction at multivariate analysis. In an independent cohort of 84 patients with STEMI, postprocedural TIMI flow grade 3 had a limited sensitivity (52%), with a high specificity (74.5%) and negative predictive value (71%) for excluding RV dysfunction. In conclusion, in patients with inferior STEMI undergoing coronary revascularization, RV dysfunction is associated with a worse long-term prognosis. Postprocedural TIMI flow grade may be a useful tool to predict RV dysfunction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4651157
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