We elucidate the effects of defect disorder and e-e interaction on the spectral density of the defect states emerging in the Mott-Hubbard gap of doped transition-metal oxides, such as Y1-xCaxVO3. A soft gap of kinetic origin develops in the defect band and survives defect disorder for e-e interaction strengths comparable to the defect potential and hopping integral values above a doping dependent threshold; otherwise only a pseudogap persists. These two regimes naturally emerge in the statistical distribution of gaps among different defect realizations, which turns out to be of Weibull type. Its shape parameter k determines the exponent of the power-law dependence of the density of states at the chemical potential (k-1) and hence distinguishes between the soft gap (k≥2) and the pseudogap (k<2) regimes. Both k and the effective gap scale with the hopping integral and the e-e interaction in a wide doping range. The motion of doped holes is confined by the closest defect potential and the overall spin-orbital structure. Such a generic behavior leads to complex nonhydrogenlike defect states that tend to preserve the underlying C-type spin and G-type orbital order and can be detected and analyzed via scanning tunneling microscopy.

Defects, disorder, and strong electron correlations in orbital degenerate, doped mott insulators

AVELLA, Adolfo;
2015

Abstract

We elucidate the effects of defect disorder and e-e interaction on the spectral density of the defect states emerging in the Mott-Hubbard gap of doped transition-metal oxides, such as Y1-xCaxVO3. A soft gap of kinetic origin develops in the defect band and survives defect disorder for e-e interaction strengths comparable to the defect potential and hopping integral values above a doping dependent threshold; otherwise only a pseudogap persists. These two regimes naturally emerge in the statistical distribution of gaps among different defect realizations, which turns out to be of Weibull type. Its shape parameter k determines the exponent of the power-law dependence of the density of states at the chemical potential (k-1) and hence distinguishes between the soft gap (k≥2) and the pseudogap (k<2) regimes. Both k and the effective gap scale with the hopping integral and the e-e interaction in a wide doping range. The motion of doped holes is confined by the closest defect potential and the overall spin-orbital structure. Such a generic behavior leads to complex nonhydrogenlike defect states that tend to preserve the underlying C-type spin and G-type orbital order and can be detected and analyzed via scanning tunneling microscopy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4657422
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