Karst systems provide water for domestic and industrial uses and for generating hydropower, but they can also create fluvial hazards, such as upstream back-flooding and downstream karst flash-flood events. However, these hazards are difficult to foresee due to the complex recharge-discharge processes as well as the lack of information on the inside of the system, which has often not been completely surveyed by speleologists or explored by boreholes. To overcome these difficulties, hydro-chemical data from the monitoring system in the Middle Bussento Karst System (MBSKS), one of the first Experimental Karst Systems in southern Italy, were recorded and previously discussed. Based on shared background in flood karst hydraulic modeling, this paper describes the conceptual premises and rationale of a general-purpose hydraulic model that is suitable both for the MBSKS and for other Mediterranean, multi-recharge, mature, conduit-dominated karst systems. To test the reliability of the model, simulations of time-space behavior and response are performed using natural and artificial flood pulses “as tracers”, considering a “pulse” as a significant variation in water quantity and/or quality. The results of the model explain the interactions between allogenic, autogenic and anthropogenic recharges from differentiated sources and phreatic conduit systems. These results also clarify the overall response of karst springs at typical time scales of flood pulses

Hydraulic modeling of flood pulses in the Middle Bussento Karst System (MBSKS), UNESCO Cilento Global Geopark, Southern Italy.

BOVOLIN, Vittorio
;
CUOMO, ALBINA;GUIDA, Domenico
2016-01-01

Abstract

Karst systems provide water for domestic and industrial uses and for generating hydropower, but they can also create fluvial hazards, such as upstream back-flooding and downstream karst flash-flood events. However, these hazards are difficult to foresee due to the complex recharge-discharge processes as well as the lack of information on the inside of the system, which has often not been completely surveyed by speleologists or explored by boreholes. To overcome these difficulties, hydro-chemical data from the monitoring system in the Middle Bussento Karst System (MBSKS), one of the first Experimental Karst Systems in southern Italy, were recorded and previously discussed. Based on shared background in flood karst hydraulic modeling, this paper describes the conceptual premises and rationale of a general-purpose hydraulic model that is suitable both for the MBSKS and for other Mediterranean, multi-recharge, mature, conduit-dominated karst systems. To test the reliability of the model, simulations of time-space behavior and response are performed using natural and artificial flood pulses “as tracers”, considering a “pulse” as a significant variation in water quantity and/or quality. The results of the model explain the interactions between allogenic, autogenic and anthropogenic recharges from differentiated sources and phreatic conduit systems. These results also clarify the overall response of karst springs at typical time scales of flood pulses
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4674952
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