There is only limited information available on the chemical composition of the non-edible parts of Corylus avellana, source of the Italian PGI product "Nocciola di Giffoni" (hazelnut). An initial LC-MS profile of the methanolic extract of the male flowers of C. avellana, cultivar 'Tonda di Giffoni' led to the isolation of 12 compounds, of which the structures were elucidated by NMR spectroscopy. These were identified as three previously undescribed diarylheptanoids, named giffonins Q-S, along with nine known compounds. Furthermore, the quantitative determination of the main compounds occurring in the methanolic extract of C. avellana flowers was carried out by an analytical approach based on LC-ESI(QqQ)MS, using the Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM) experiment. In order to explore the antioxidant ability of C. avellana flowers, the methanolic extract and the isolated compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on human plasma lipid peroxidation induced by H2O2 and H2O2/Fe2+, by measuring the concentration of TBARS.

Quali-quantitative analysis of the phenolic fraction of the flowers of Corylus avellana, source of the Italian PGI product "Nocciola di Giffoni": Isolation of antioxidant diarylheptanoids

MASULLO, MILENA;MARI, ANGELA;CERULLI, ANTONIETTA;BOTTONE, ALFREDO;PIZZA, Cosimo;PIACENTE, Sonia
2016-01-01

Abstract

There is only limited information available on the chemical composition of the non-edible parts of Corylus avellana, source of the Italian PGI product "Nocciola di Giffoni" (hazelnut). An initial LC-MS profile of the methanolic extract of the male flowers of C. avellana, cultivar 'Tonda di Giffoni' led to the isolation of 12 compounds, of which the structures were elucidated by NMR spectroscopy. These were identified as three previously undescribed diarylheptanoids, named giffonins Q-S, along with nine known compounds. Furthermore, the quantitative determination of the main compounds occurring in the methanolic extract of C. avellana flowers was carried out by an analytical approach based on LC-ESI(QqQ)MS, using the Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM) experiment. In order to explore the antioxidant ability of C. avellana flowers, the methanolic extract and the isolated compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on human plasma lipid peroxidation induced by H2O2 and H2O2/Fe2+, by measuring the concentration of TBARS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4675476
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