We demonstrate tunable Schottky barrier height and record photo-responsivity in a new-concept device made of a single-layer CVD graphene transferred onto a matrix of nanotips patterned on n-type Si wafer. The original layout, where nano-sized graphene/Si heterojunctions alternate to graphene areas exposed to the electric field of the Si substrate, which acts both as diode cathode and transistor gate, results in a two-terminal barristor with single-bias control of the Schottky barrier. The nanotip patterning favors light absorption, and the enhancement of the electric field at the tip apex improves photo-charge separation and enables internal gain by impact ionization. These features render the device a photodetector with responsivity ( ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/2053-1583/4/1/015024/tdmaa4c01ieqn1.gif] $3\,\rmA\,\rmW^-1$ for white LED light at ##IMG## [http://ej.iop.org/images/2053-1583/4/1/015024/tdmaa4c01ieqn2.gif] $3\,\rmmW\,\rmcm^-2$ intensity) almost an order of magnitude higher than commercial photodiodes. We extensively characterize the voltage and the temperature dependence of the device parameters, and prove that the multi-junction approach does not add extra-inhomogeneity to the Schottky barrier height distribution. We also introduce a new phenomenological graphene/semiconductor diode equation, which well describes the experimental I–V characteristics both in forward and reverse bias.
|Titolo:||Tunable Schottky barrier and high responsivity in graphene/Si-nanotip optoelectronic device|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articoli su Rivista|