The paper deals with the role of migration agencies and shipping companies in outflows originated in Italy until the World War I. While migration agencies – often criticized for giving misleading promises – provided the necessary support to people seeking better conditions abroad, shipping companies carried a multitude of emigrants to the other shores of Atlantic. The economic segment dealing with the improvement of the national ship-owning industry drew benefit from this activity, as ships were, albeit belatedly, refurbished. Shipping companies also received criticism for their tendency to join in trusts to raise freight and fare costs. The situation was remedied by the first organic law on emigration enacted in 1901, which replaced migration agencies with carrier representatives and entrusted the Commissariat of Emigration the supervision of freights.
|Titolo:||The role of emigration agencies and shipping companies in outbound flows of italian migrants until World War I|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articoli su Rivista|