Summary: MapReduce Hadoop bioinformatics applications require the availability of specialpurpose routines to manage the input of sequence files. Unfortunately, the Hadoop framework does not provide any built-in support for the most popular sequence file formats like FASTA or BAM. Moreover, the development of these routines is not easy, both because of the diversity of these formats and the need for managing efficiently sequence datasets that may count up to billions of characters. We present FASTdoop, a generic Hadoop library for the management of FASTA and FASTQ files. We show that, with respect to analogous input management routines that have appeared in the Literature, it offers versatility and efficiency. That is, it can handle collections of reads, with or without quality scores, as well as long genomic sequences while the existing routines concentrate mainly on NGS sequence data. Moreover, in the domain where a comparison is possible, the routines proposed here are faster than the available ones. In conclusion, FASTdoop is a much needed addition to Hadoop-BAM. Availability and Implementation: The software and the datasets are available at http://www.di. unisa.it/FASTdoop/ .
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