We show that a class of weak three-dimensional topological insulators feature one-dimensional Dirac electrons on their surfaces. Their hallmark is a linelike energy dispersion along certain directions of the surface Brillouin zone. These one-dimensional Dirac line degeneracies are topologically protected by a symmetry that we refer to as in-plane time-reversal invariance. We show how this invariance leads to Dirac lines in the surface spectrum of stacked Kane-Mele systems and more general models for weak three-dimensional topological insulators.
|Titolo:||One-dimensional Dirac electrons on the surface of weak topological insulators|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articoli su Rivista|