Objective The antioxidant activity and protective effect of a methanolic extract obtained from the marine Gram-negative bacterium Novosphingobium sp. PP1Y, isolated from the surface water of a polluted area in the harbour of Pozzuoli (Naples, Italy), was evaluated. Results The extract was tested in vitro on epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma cells and in vivo on Caenorhabditis elegans. It showed strong protective activity against oxidative stress, in both experimental systems, by preventing ROS accumulation. In the case of the cells, pre-treatment with methanolic extract was also able to maintain unaltered intracellular GSH levels and phosphorylation levels of mitogen-activated protein kinases p38. Instead, in the case of the worms, the extract was able to modulate the expression levels of stress response genes, by activating the transcription factor skn-1. Conclusions From a biotechnological and economical point of view, antioxidants from microorganisms are convenient as they provide a valid alternative to chemical synthesis and respond to the ever-growing market demand for natural antioxidants.

The marine Gram-negative bacterium Novosphingobium sp. PP1Y as a potential source of novel metabolites with antioxidant activity

Mensitieri, Francesca;IZZO, Viviana
;
2018

Abstract

Objective The antioxidant activity and protective effect of a methanolic extract obtained from the marine Gram-negative bacterium Novosphingobium sp. PP1Y, isolated from the surface water of a polluted area in the harbour of Pozzuoli (Naples, Italy), was evaluated. Results The extract was tested in vitro on epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma cells and in vivo on Caenorhabditis elegans. It showed strong protective activity against oxidative stress, in both experimental systems, by preventing ROS accumulation. In the case of the cells, pre-treatment with methanolic extract was also able to maintain unaltered intracellular GSH levels and phosphorylation levels of mitogen-activated protein kinases p38. Instead, in the case of the worms, the extract was able to modulate the expression levels of stress response genes, by activating the transcription factor skn-1. Conclusions From a biotechnological and economical point of view, antioxidants from microorganisms are convenient as they provide a valid alternative to chemical synthesis and respond to the ever-growing market demand for natural antioxidants.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4719450
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