Chestnut (Castanea sativa Miller.) burs (CSB) represent a solid waste produced during the edible fruit harvesting. Their usual disposal in the field increases the environmental and economic impact of the agricultural process. HPLC-UV-HRMS profiling revealed that CSB organic and aqueous extracts (CSB-M, CSB-H, CSB-A) contain several hydrolyzable tannins, mainly ellagitannins, and glycoside flavonols. Ellagic acid (EA) and chestanin are predominant components (5–79 and 1–13 mg/g dry extract, respectively). NMR analysis confirmed the chemical structures of the major constituents from CSB-M. The extracts displayed a significant scavenging activity against DPPH (EC50 12.64–24.94 µg/mL) and ABTS+ radicals (TEAC value 2.71–3.52 mM Trolox/mg extract). They were effective in inhibiting the mycelial growth (EC50 6.04–15.51 mg/mL) and spore germination (EC50 2.22–11.17 mg/mL) of Alternaria alternata and Fusarium solani. At the highest concentration, CSB-M was also active against Botrytis cinerea both in mycelium and spore form (EC50 64.98 and 16.33 mg/mL). The EA contributed to the antifungal activity of extracts (EC50 on spore germination 13.33–112.64 µg/mL). Our results can support the upgrading of chestnut burs from agricultural wastes to a resource of natural fungicides for managing fruit and vegetable diseases.

Chestnut (castanea sativa miller.) burs extracts and functional compounds: Uhplc-uv-hrms profiling, antioxidant activity, and inhibitory effects on phytopathogenic fungi

Esposito, Tiziana;Celano, Rita;Piccinelli, Anna Lisa;Sansone, Francesca;Picerno, Patrizia;Zaccardelli, Massimo;Aquino, Rita P.;Mencherini, Teresa
2019

Abstract

Chestnut (Castanea sativa Miller.) burs (CSB) represent a solid waste produced during the edible fruit harvesting. Their usual disposal in the field increases the environmental and economic impact of the agricultural process. HPLC-UV-HRMS profiling revealed that CSB organic and aqueous extracts (CSB-M, CSB-H, CSB-A) contain several hydrolyzable tannins, mainly ellagitannins, and glycoside flavonols. Ellagic acid (EA) and chestanin are predominant components (5–79 and 1–13 mg/g dry extract, respectively). NMR analysis confirmed the chemical structures of the major constituents from CSB-M. The extracts displayed a significant scavenging activity against DPPH (EC50 12.64–24.94 µg/mL) and ABTS+ radicals (TEAC value 2.71–3.52 mM Trolox/mg extract). They were effective in inhibiting the mycelial growth (EC50 6.04–15.51 mg/mL) and spore germination (EC50 2.22–11.17 mg/mL) of Alternaria alternata and Fusarium solani. At the highest concentration, CSB-M was also active against Botrytis cinerea both in mycelium and spore form (EC50 64.98 and 16.33 mg/mL). The EA contributed to the antifungal activity of extracts (EC50 on spore germination 13.33–112.64 µg/mL). Our results can support the upgrading of chestnut burs from agricultural wastes to a resource of natural fungicides for managing fruit and vegetable diseases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4721268
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