Current techniques for orthognathic surgery after Le Fort I osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) rely on intermediate and final occlusal splints for proper positioning of the dental arches without any control in positioning the condyle and ramus segments. Setting the 2 condyles in centric relation in the glenoid fossae at fixation is paramount for condylar function and the accuracy and stability of postoperative occlusion. Usually the 2 ramus segments are manually positioned and fixated in the final position according to the surgeon's experience. This report describes a novel technique to position the condyle and ramus segments in centric relation using skeletal guides designed by computer-assisted designed and computer-assisted manufactured (CAD-CAM) technology. The skeletal guides have a double-U shape designed to be tooth borne on the distal segment and bone borne on the proximal segment. The guides fit on the last molar crown and the anterior border of the ramus; using these reference points will position the mandibular arch and 2 ramus segments in ideal centric occlusion and centric relation. The condyle position in the sagittal, horizontal, and transverse planes was analyzed by computed tomography and differences in measurements were calculated. This technique confirms precise control of the condylar segment in centric relation with stable centric occlusion using CAD-CAM guides during BSSO.

A Modified Novel Technique for Condylar Positioning in Mandibular Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy Using Computer-Assisted Designed and Computer-Assisted Manufactured Surgical Guides

Cortese, Antonio;Cataldo, Emilio
2019-01-01

Abstract

Current techniques for orthognathic surgery after Le Fort I osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) rely on intermediate and final occlusal splints for proper positioning of the dental arches without any control in positioning the condyle and ramus segments. Setting the 2 condyles in centric relation in the glenoid fossae at fixation is paramount for condylar function and the accuracy and stability of postoperative occlusion. Usually the 2 ramus segments are manually positioned and fixated in the final position according to the surgeon's experience. This report describes a novel technique to position the condyle and ramus segments in centric relation using skeletal guides designed by computer-assisted designed and computer-assisted manufactured (CAD-CAM) technology. The skeletal guides have a double-U shape designed to be tooth borne on the distal segment and bone borne on the proximal segment. The guides fit on the last molar crown and the anterior border of the ramus; using these reference points will position the mandibular arch and 2 ramus segments in ideal centric occlusion and centric relation. The condyle position in the sagittal, horizontal, and transverse planes was analyzed by computed tomography and differences in measurements were calculated. This technique confirms precise control of the condylar segment in centric relation with stable centric occlusion using CAD-CAM guides during BSSO.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4723365
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact