Tracking moving targets hidden behind visually opaque structures as building walls is a crucial issue in many surveillance, rescue, and security applications. The electromagnetic waves at the low microwave frequency range penetrate into common building materials and thereby enable the radar to expose behind the wall scene. However, due to complexity of the scattering scenario, the radar signal undergoes multipath propagation phenomena. These typically manifest themselves as environmental clutter which may impair detection and tracking of true targets. In this paper, a signal processing strategy is proposed to track multiple extended targets in a scene by means of a wide-band monostatic through-wall radar. The system collects data sets at regular time steps which are first processed by a microwave tomographic technique. Then, a detection/tracking stage is implemented in order to track the position and dynamics of targets in real time. An extended target-tracking approach is applied to properly exploit at the tracking stage the information related to extended nature of targets. The effectiveness of the proposed signal processing chain is assessed by numerical tests based on full-wave data pertaining to an indoor scenario.

Multiple Extended Target Tracking for Through-Wall Radars

Gennarelli G.
;
Vivone G.;Braca P.;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Tracking moving targets hidden behind visually opaque structures as building walls is a crucial issue in many surveillance, rescue, and security applications. The electromagnetic waves at the low microwave frequency range penetrate into common building materials and thereby enable the radar to expose behind the wall scene. However, due to complexity of the scattering scenario, the radar signal undergoes multipath propagation phenomena. These typically manifest themselves as environmental clutter which may impair detection and tracking of true targets. In this paper, a signal processing strategy is proposed to track multiple extended targets in a scene by means of a wide-band monostatic through-wall radar. The system collects data sets at regular time steps which are first processed by a microwave tomographic technique. Then, a detection/tracking stage is implemented in order to track the position and dynamics of targets in real time. An extended target-tracking approach is applied to properly exploit at the tracking stage the information related to extended nature of targets. The effectiveness of the proposed signal processing chain is assessed by numerical tests based on full-wave data pertaining to an indoor scenario.
2015
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4725299
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 67
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 59
social impact