Neuromorphic networks can be described in terms of coarse-grained variables, where emergent sustained behaviours spontaneously arise if stochasticity is properly taken into account. For example it has been recently found that a directed linear chain of connected patch of neurons amplifies an input signal, also tuning its characteristic frequency. Here we study a generalization of such a simple model, introducing heterogeneity and variability in the parameter space and long-range interactions, breaking, in turn, the preferential direction of information transmission of a directed chain. On one hand, enlarging the region of parameters leads to a more complex state space that we analytically characterise; moreover, we explicitly link the strength distribution of the non-local interactions with the frequency distribution of the network oscillations. On the other hand, we found that adding long-range interactions can cause the onset of novel phenomena, as coherent and synchronous oscillations among all the interacting units, which can also coexist with the amplification of the signal. © 2021
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