Microgrid (MG) concept is considered as the best solution for future power systems, which are expected to receive a considerable amount of power through renewable energy resources and distributed generation units. Droop control systems are widely adopted in conventional power systems and recently in MGs for power sharing among generation units. However, droop control causes frequency fluctuations, which leads to poor power quality. This paper deals with frequency fluctuation and stability concerns of f-P droop control loop in MGs. Inspired from conventional synchronous generators, virtual damping is proposed to diminish frequency fluctuation in MGs. Then, it is demonstrated that the conventional frequency restoration method inserts an offset to the phase angle, which is in conflict with accurate power sharing. To this end, a novel control method, based on phase angle feedback, is proposed for frequency restoration in conjunction with a novel method for adaptively tuning the feedback gains to preserve precise active power sharing. Nonlinear stability analysis is conducted by drawing the phase variations of the nonlinear second-order equation of the δ-P droop loop and it is proved that the proposed method improves the stability margin of f-P control loop. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
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