Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly heterogeneous disease, representing the most aggressive breast cancer (BC) subtype with limited treatment options due to a lack of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), progesterone receptor (PR), and Erb-B2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (HER2/neu) expression. Estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is present in a fraction of TNBC patients, where its expression correlates with improved patient outcomes, supported by the fact that it exerts oncosuppressive effects in TNBC cell models in vitro. ERβ is involved in microRNA-mediated regulation of gene expression in hormone-responsive BC cells and could mediate its actions through small noncoding RNAs (sncRNAs) in TNBCs also. To verify this possibility, smallRNA sequencing was performed on three ERβ-expressing cell lines from different TNBC molecular subtypes. Several sncRNAs resulted modulated by ERβ, with a subset being regulated in a tumor subtype-independent manner. Interestingly, sncRNA profiling of 12 ERβ+and 32 ERβ- primary TNBC biopsies identified 7 microRNAs, 1 PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA), and 1 transfer RNA (tRNA) differentially expressed in ERβ+ compared to ERβ- tumors and cell lines. Among them, miR-181a-5p was found to be overexpressed in ERβ+ tumors and predicted target key components of the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway previously found to be inhibited by ERβ in TNBC cells.

Small Non-Coding RNA Profiling Identifies miR-181a-5p as a Mediator of Estrogen Receptor Beta-Induced Inhibition of Cholesterol Biosynthesis in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Alexandrova, Elena
Investigation
;
Lamberti, Jessica
Investigation
;
Saggese, Pasquale
Investigation
;
Pecoraro, Giovanni
Investigation
;
Memoli, Domenico
Investigation
;
Ravo, Maria
Investigation
;
Iorio, Roberta
Investigation
;
Tarallo, Roberta
Conceptualization
;
Rizzo, Francesca
Conceptualization
;
Nassa, Giovanni
Conceptualization
;
Weisz, Alessandro
Supervision
;
Giurato, Giorgio
Supervision
2020-01-01

Abstract

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly heterogeneous disease, representing the most aggressive breast cancer (BC) subtype with limited treatment options due to a lack of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), progesterone receptor (PR), and Erb-B2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (HER2/neu) expression. Estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is present in a fraction of TNBC patients, where its expression correlates with improved patient outcomes, supported by the fact that it exerts oncosuppressive effects in TNBC cell models in vitro. ERβ is involved in microRNA-mediated regulation of gene expression in hormone-responsive BC cells and could mediate its actions through small noncoding RNAs (sncRNAs) in TNBCs also. To verify this possibility, smallRNA sequencing was performed on three ERβ-expressing cell lines from different TNBC molecular subtypes. Several sncRNAs resulted modulated by ERβ, with a subset being regulated in a tumor subtype-independent manner. Interestingly, sncRNA profiling of 12 ERβ+and 32 ERβ- primary TNBC biopsies identified 7 microRNAs, 1 PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA), and 1 transfer RNA (tRNA) differentially expressed in ERβ+ compared to ERβ- tumors and cell lines. Among them, miR-181a-5p was found to be overexpressed in ERβ+ tumors and predicted target key components of the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway previously found to be inhibited by ERβ in TNBC cells.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4736628
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 13
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact