The p14ARF tumor suppressor is a key regulator of cellular proliferation, frequently inactivated in human cancer, whose mode of action is currently not completely understood. We report here that the so-called human immunodeficiency virus Tat-binding protein-1 (TBP-1), a component of the 19 S regulatory subunit of the proteasome 26 S, also involved in transcriptional regulation and with a supposed role in the control of cell proliferation, specifically interacts with ARF, both in yeast and mammalian cells. We present evidence that the overexpression of TBP-1 in various cell lines results in a sharp increase of both transfected and endogenous ARF protein levels. Moreover, this effect depends on the binding between the two proteins and, at least in part, is exerted at the post-translational level. We also show that the ARF increase following TBP-1 overexpression results in an increase in p53 protein levels and activity. Finally, our data underline a clear involvement of TBP-1 in the control of cell proliferation.
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