The influence of pulsed electric fields (PEF) pre-treatment at different field strength (E = 1–5 kV/cm) and energy input (WT = 5–10 kJ/kg) on the recovery yield of lycopene in either acetone or ethyl lactate from industrial tomato peels residues, was investigated. The rate of lycopene extraction in both solvents decreased with time and was predicted rather satisfactorily (R2 = 0.96–0.99) by the Peleg's model. Micrograph of tomato peels showed that PEF induced size reduction and separation between the plant cells likely due to pore formation and leakage of intracellular matter. Coherently, PEF treatment (5 kV/cm, 5 kJ/kg) significantly enhanced the extraction rate (27–37%), the lycopene yields (12–18%) and the antioxidant power (18.0–18.2%) in either acetone and ethyl lactate extracts, as compared with untreated samples. However, acetone gave the highest lycopene yield. HPLC analyses revealed that all-trans lycopene was the main carotenoid extracted and no degradation/ isomerization phenomena occurred. The results obtained in this work suggest that the application of PEF prior to solid-liquid extraction with environmentally friendly solvents could represent a sustainable approach for the valorization of industrial tomato peels residues.

Recovery of lycopene from industrially derived tomato processing byproducts by pulsed electric fields-assisted extraction

Gianpiero Pataro
;
Daniele Carullo;Giovanna Ferrari
2020-01-01

Abstract

The influence of pulsed electric fields (PEF) pre-treatment at different field strength (E = 1–5 kV/cm) and energy input (WT = 5–10 kJ/kg) on the recovery yield of lycopene in either acetone or ethyl lactate from industrial tomato peels residues, was investigated. The rate of lycopene extraction in both solvents decreased with time and was predicted rather satisfactorily (R2 = 0.96–0.99) by the Peleg's model. Micrograph of tomato peels showed that PEF induced size reduction and separation between the plant cells likely due to pore formation and leakage of intracellular matter. Coherently, PEF treatment (5 kV/cm, 5 kJ/kg) significantly enhanced the extraction rate (27–37%), the lycopene yields (12–18%) and the antioxidant power (18.0–18.2%) in either acetone and ethyl lactate extracts, as compared with untreated samples. However, acetone gave the highest lycopene yield. HPLC analyses revealed that all-trans lycopene was the main carotenoid extracted and no degradation/ isomerization phenomena occurred. The results obtained in this work suggest that the application of PEF prior to solid-liquid extraction with environmentally friendly solvents could represent a sustainable approach for the valorization of industrial tomato peels residues.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4744114
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