Starch-based hydrogels are natural polymeric structures which could be potentially utilized in food, pharma and cosmetic sectors to produce creams, gels and ointments, as well as functional foods and products for personalized nutrition. In this paper, the effects of processing conditions (pressure levels and holding time) on gelation of corn and rice starch solutions were evaluated also in presence of glycerol. Considering the utmost importance of humectants as active moisturizers in gels, their addition in starch solutions has been investigated in view of the industrial exploitation of HPP starch-based hydrogels. Experimental results demonstrated that at 600 MPa the gelation of the formulations tested was homogenous and the hydrogels formed were stable. However, glycerol at 10% concentration played an antagonistic role, being longer processing times necessary to form gels. Viscosity and G' values of rice and corn starch HPP hydrogels decreased with increasing glycerol concentration, particularly for corn starch hydrogels. At all HPP processing conditions investigated, rice starch solutions containing the humectant were more prone to gelation and the hydrogels formed had better texture properties than those based on corn starch. 5% glycerol concentration was identified as the critical value to obtain stable HPP hydrogels with good rheological and texture properties.

Effects of processing conditions and glycerol concentration on rheological and texture properties of starch-based hydrogels produced by high pressure processing (HPP)

Larrea-Wachtendorff D.;Di Nobile G.;Ferrari G.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Starch-based hydrogels are natural polymeric structures which could be potentially utilized in food, pharma and cosmetic sectors to produce creams, gels and ointments, as well as functional foods and products for personalized nutrition. In this paper, the effects of processing conditions (pressure levels and holding time) on gelation of corn and rice starch solutions were evaluated also in presence of glycerol. Considering the utmost importance of humectants as active moisturizers in gels, their addition in starch solutions has been investigated in view of the industrial exploitation of HPP starch-based hydrogels. Experimental results demonstrated that at 600 MPa the gelation of the formulations tested was homogenous and the hydrogels formed were stable. However, glycerol at 10% concentration played an antagonistic role, being longer processing times necessary to form gels. Viscosity and G' values of rice and corn starch HPP hydrogels decreased with increasing glycerol concentration, particularly for corn starch hydrogels. At all HPP processing conditions investigated, rice starch solutions containing the humectant were more prone to gelation and the hydrogels formed had better texture properties than those based on corn starch. 5% glycerol concentration was identified as the critical value to obtain stable HPP hydrogels with good rheological and texture properties.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4747558
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