Microbial exopolysaccharides are polymers that show a great potential for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering applications and drug delivery, due to their biocompatibility, biodegradability and their gelling properties. These polysaccharides are obtained from a microorganism culture with a relatively straightforward downstream process thanks to their extracellular character, and can be processed to obtain aerogels, fibers and micro- or nano-particles with conventional techniques. However, these techniques present several disadvantages in that they involve time-consuming processes and the use of toxic solvents. Supercritical carbon dioxide techniques can overcome these drawbacks, but their use for processing microbial exopolysaccharides is not extended in the scientific community. This review describes the most frequently used exopolysaccharides in biomedical applications and how they can be obtained, as well as the different supercritical carbon dioxide techniques that can be used for processing them and their challenges. Specifically, high pressure shows a great potential to process and sterilize exopolysaccharide biomaterials for biomedical applications (e.g. tissue engineering or drug delivery systems) in spite of the disadvantage concerning the hydrophilicity of this type of polymers.

Supercritical carbon dioxide techniques for processing microbial exopolysaccharides used in biomedical applications

Cardea S.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Microbial exopolysaccharides are polymers that show a great potential for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering applications and drug delivery, due to their biocompatibility, biodegradability and their gelling properties. These polysaccharides are obtained from a microorganism culture with a relatively straightforward downstream process thanks to their extracellular character, and can be processed to obtain aerogels, fibers and micro- or nano-particles with conventional techniques. However, these techniques present several disadvantages in that they involve time-consuming processes and the use of toxic solvents. Supercritical carbon dioxide techniques can overcome these drawbacks, but their use for processing microbial exopolysaccharides is not extended in the scientific community. This review describes the most frequently used exopolysaccharides in biomedical applications and how they can be obtained, as well as the different supercritical carbon dioxide techniques that can be used for processing them and their challenges. Specifically, high pressure shows a great potential to process and sterilize exopolysaccharide biomaterials for biomedical applications (e.g. tissue engineering or drug delivery systems) in spite of the disadvantage concerning the hydrophilicity of this type of polymers.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4754869
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